Chemical burns occur when skin comes into contact with chemicals resulting in irritation, bumps or blisters. Longer exposure to chemicals can cause a reaction in the body. First aid is the first line of defense in treating minor chemical burns. There are home remedies that can minimize the damage and treat the burns.
Stopping the Chemical Reaction
The first step in treating a minor chemical burn at home is stopping the chemical reaction. No further treatment should be applied until the burn is stabilized. Start by brushing off any dried chemicals and remove any clothing or jewelry which could engage in a chemical reaction. Rinse the area with cool water for 15 minutes or more to remove the chemical and neutralize the area. Avoid putting ice or extremely cold water on the burn. Repeat the rinse as necessary until skin is clear of the chemical.
Neutralizing the Affected Area
After cleansing the skin with water to stop the chemical reaction, you should consult the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) to receive further instructions. Treatment of chemical burns varies according to the type of chemical so getting expert instructions is important. The AAPCC can be reached 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at no charge by calling 1-800-222-1222. Avoiding applying any medication, such as an antibiotic ointment, on the burn. This can cause a negative reaction. Wrap the affected area in clean gauze or a clean towel to prevent exposure to potentially harmful irritants.
Treating Pain and Itching
Burns generally do heal on their own after initial first aid care, states the University of Maryland Medical Center. As the burn heals, you may experience some pain or an itching sensation if the area develops a scab. It is important to avoid scratching and to refrain from disturbing a blister or removing excess skin. Saturate clean towels with cool water and apply to the affected area to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain or itching of the affected area.