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What Are the Three Kinds of Blood Cells?

by
author image Grace Morelli
Grace Morelli is a writer and blogger who lives in the mountains of central New Hampshire. She has contributed to "The Sun Magazine" and various websites, covering society, culture, gender and human rights. Morelli has also been a registered nurse for more than 15 years.
What Are the Three Kinds of Blood Cells?
Complete blood counts measure all 3 types of blood cells. Photo Credit Comstock Images/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Whole blood consists of 3 types of blood cells, suspended in a liquid called plasma. Blood circulates through the arteries and veins with each of the blood cell types -- red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets -- performing different functions throughout the body.

Red Blood Cells

Red blood cells, also called erythrocytes, make up about 40 to 50 percent of the total blood volume. Levels vary for men and women, with men having 5 to 6 million erythrocytes per cubic millimeter of whole blood and women having 4 to 5 million per cubic millimeter. Red blood cells live for approximately 120 days before being replaced by new cells produced in the bone marrow. The red color comes from a pigmented molecule, called hemoglobin, inside red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body and deliver carbon dioxide from tissues to the lungs to be exhaled.

White Blood Cells

White blood cells, also called leukocytes, are much fewer in number than red blood cells. There are 5 different types of white blood cells that work together to protect the body by attacking foreign invaders, including bacteria, viruses and tumors. The most common type of white blood cells are called neutrophils. All types of white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow.

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Platelets

Platelets, also called thrombocytes, are cell fragments rather than whole cells. They clump together and form blood clots after an injury. Clots act as plugs to stop bleeding and serve as a base for new tissue growth and healing in the injured area. Certain blood-thinning medications reduce the risk of abnormal blood clots by interfering with platelet function.

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