Hands and fingers need to be exercises for optimal function, range of motion and strength, just like any other part of the body. Hand exercises are especially important for seniors or those diagnosed with arthritis or other musculoskeletal conditions, to maintain strength, flexibility and motion in the fingers and wrist, according to the Mayo Clinic. A variety of hand exercises only take a few minutes every day.
Spread the fingers of the right hand out as wide as you can, then slowly curl the fingers inward until you're making a fist, suggests the Mayo Clinic. Place the thumb outside of the fingers, trying to keep the thumb tucked under the top ridge of the knuckles. Hold the fist for a count of three and then release. Repeat this exercise with the left hand. Then, make a fist with both hands at the same time.
Increase mobility, flexibility and dexterity of the fingers by performing a finger touch exercise on a daily basis with each hand, suggests the Mayo Clinic. Start with your right hand, fingers close but not touching. thumb extended away from the hand. Move your thumb inward and try to touch a point below your pinkie, then allow it to come back to the starting position. Then, try to touch the pad of the thumb to the pad of the pinkie finger and release. Touch the thumb to the pad of the ringer finger next, then the middle finger, and then the index finger. Repeat with the other hand.
Palm Up and Down
This range-of-motion exercise for the wrist and hand offers extension and flexion benefits for the wrist joint. Stand with the hands extended in front of you, palms facing upward toward the ceiling, suggests Drugs.com. Slowly turn the hands over so the palms are facing the floor and the back of the hands are facing the ceiling. Keep the arms still while performing this exercise. Turn the hands so the palm is facing upward again. Repeat this sequence between 5 to 10 times. This exercise can be done by the individual, or with the help of a therapist performing passive range-of-motion exercise techniques.
Rubber Ball Squeeze
Hold a rubber ball or stress ball in the palm of your right hand, suggests Ayushveda Fitness Magazine. Wrap all your fingers around the ball. Squeeze the ball, holding the contraction for several seconds, and then release. This exercise helps coordinate finger, palm and wrist movement and strength.You should feel a gentle pressure in all the fingers, from the pinkie to the index finger and also the thumb. Stitch hands and repeat with the left hand. Do this exercise several times a day.