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Herb Eyebright Side Effects

by
author image Shelley Moore
Shelley Moore is a journalist and award-winning short-story writer. She specializes in writing about personal development, health, careers and personal finance. Moore has been published in "Family Circle" magazine and the "Milwaukee Sentinel" newspaper, along with numerous other national and regional magazines, daily and weekly newspapers and corporate publications. She has a Bachelor of Science in psychology.
Herb Eyebright Side Effects
White blossoms of the eyebright herb growing in nature. Photo Credit jojoo64/iStock/Getty Images

Overview

Eyebright is available as an oral herbal supplement and an ophthalmic preparation. The topical solution is most commonly used. Derived from the plant Euphrasia officinalis, eyebright comes in extracts, tinctures and capsules. The ophthalmic preparation is purported to relieve conditions such as eyelid inflammation, sties and pink eye (conjunctivitis). People use the oral remedy for treating respiratory conditions such as bronchitis, runny nose and nasal congestion. Eyebright can cause many side effects, and Drugs.com notes that possible negative effects outweigh the "dubious" benefits.

Reducing Blood Sugar

Oral eyebright may decrease blood glucose levels, according to Healthline. People prone to hypoglycemia should be cautious about using eyebright, as should diabetic patients taking medication such as metformin or insulin to regulate blood sugar.

Eye Side Effects

Eyebright tincture used as eye drops can cause increased eye pressure, redness, watering and swelling, as noted by Flora Inc. Eyebright tincture also has been associated with severe itching (pruritis), vision changes and an inability to tolerate light, according to Healthline. These effects can occur with as few as 10 drops of tincture.

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Toxicity

As few as 10 drops of oral or ophthalmic eyebright tincture also can cause toxicity, according to Flora Inc. and Healthline. Symptoms include confusion, dim vision, fatigue, nausea, constipation, sweating, excessive urination, breathing problems, sneezing, coughing, nasal congestion, hoarseness, headache, restlessness and weakness.

Allergic Reaction

Rarely, some people may experience an allergic reaction to eyebright. Signs as listed by the Physicians' Desktop Reference include difficulty breathing, tightness in the throat or chest, chest pain, a rash or hives, and itchy or swollen skin. An allergic reaction to eyebright should be considered a medical emergency.

Eye Infections

Healthline cautions that eyebright formulas may be contaminated with other substances, because the U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not regulate supplements as it does medications. The Commission E, Germany's regulatory agency for herbs, does not recommend using eyebright. People should not use homemade eyebright preparations because they may be contaminated. Because eyebright is not regulated, it may contain substances that can cause eye infections.

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References

Demand Media