Vertigo is commonly described as feeling as if your surroundings are spinning, tilting or moving around you. This often causes dizziness, imbalance, nausea, vomiting and even blurred vision while walking, standing, sitting or lying down. The Mayo Clinic explains that it's often a result of a condition known as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, which is caused by blows to the head, inner ear problems or an indeterminate origin. While most cases of vertigo pose no real threat on your health, it can be difficult to deal with. One form of treatment involves exercises.
One of the main groupings of exercises to better manage vertigo is vestibular rehabilitation. It entails moving your head and body in certain directions to actually cause dizziness. These exercises basically help retrain your balance system. For best results, do them twice a day.
A bed is probably the best location to do most seated exercise. Plant your feet firmly on the ground in front of you. Then, lie back. Allow the dizziness to subside and then sit up again. Repeat two to three times before moving on to the next exercise.
Bend forward, bringing your head about halfway to your knees. Allow the dizziness to subside and then sit up again. Repeat two to three times before moving on to the next exercise.
Remain in an upright, seated position and turn your head from left to right five times in a row. As you allow the dizziness to subside, focus on an object to your right. Now turn your head from right to left five times in a row. As you allow the dizziness to subside, focus on an object to your left. Repeat three times in each direction.
Still remaining in an upright, seated position, move your head up and down five times in a row. As you allow the dizziness to subside, focus on an object directly in front of you. Repeat three times.
In this same upright, seated position, hold a finger out in front of you. Focus on the tip of your finger and then turn your head to the left and right five times each, alternating from one side to the next. Stay focused on your finger. Allow the dizziness to subside and then repeat three more times.
Repeat the third and fourth exercises with your eyes closed.
The Everett Clinic maintains that the Brandt-Daroff exercise can help with vertigo. This exercise is much simpler than the vestibular rehabilitation exercise. It only entails leaning to whichever side of the body that elicits the most severe sensation of vertigo.
In a seated position, quickly lean to one side until your ear rests on the bed or sofa on which you're sitting. Allow the dizziness to subside before returning to an upright position. Repeat 20 times twice a day. If you also experience dizziness while returning to an upright position, allow the sensation to subside before leaning again.
Activities that improve your general balance are also beneficial in treating vertigo. These include walking for five to 10 minutes, five days a week. This can also be accomplished by walking for 15 to 30 minutes, three days a week. If you'd rather not go for a walk, play catch or another ball-related game.