Steroid nasal sprays are used commonly to treat conditions like sinusitis and allergic rhinitis. They work by decreasing the inflammation in the nose, and are very effective in reducing allergy symptoms such as stuffy and runny nose, itching and sneezing. Flixonase nasal sprays, known as Flonase in the U.S., contain the steroid fluticasone. Long-term risks have not been reported with Flonase nasal sprays, and they are considered generally safe for long-term use. However, some patients do experience some side effects.
Effects on the Nose
According to Drugs.com, using this spray could possibly result in nosebleeds. Irritation and itching of the nasal mucosa can occur with its use. To reduce the risk of bleeding in the nose, the nozzle of the spray has to be directed properly. The patient should aim the spray away from the wall that separates the nostrils. The patient may also experience a stinging and burning sensation in the nose. The use of the spray can result in an unpleasant smell.
Effects on the Throat
Use of Flonase spray can also result in changes in the voice. According to RxList, use of Flonase spray can cause sore throat, dryness and irritation in the throat, cough and hoarseness. Disturbances in taste can also occur after using this spray.
Flonase nasal spray may result in an allergic reaction if the individual is allergic to any of the ingredients in the spray. The patient will have rashes, hives, swelling of the face and neck, itching and difficulty while breathing.
Growth Retardation in Children
Serious side effects with the use of steroid nasal sprays are less common. According to the National Institutes of Health, use of fluticasone spray in children may cause them to grow slowly. Use of this spray is not recommended in children younger than 4 years. Consult your doctor before administering this spray in older children.
Other Side Effects
Another common side effect from using fluticasone is a bothersome headache. Patients may also complain of acne eruptions, weight gain, vision problems, irregular menstrual periods and frequent infections. According to the National Institutes of Health, steroid sprays can cause the patient to have stomach pain, diarrhea and an urge to vomit. Patients should contact their physician if side effects develop while on Flonase nasal spray.