Hemorrhoids, caused by swollen blood vessels in and around the rectum that have a tendency to bleed, can induce intense pain. Hemorrhoids make it difficult for a person to defecate or even sit down for any length of time due to this pain. Hemorrhoids occur because of excess pressure on and around the rectum caused by obesity or other conditions such as the weight gain or pregnancy.
Apply cold packs to the rectum to stop any hemorrhoid bleeding. This also will decrease the pain and irritation. The coldness will constrict the blood vessels, causing them to shrink. The cold can help cure hemorrhoids fast, as well as help stop the bleeding.
Soak the rectal area in warm sitz baths to accomplish the same effect as the cold packs. Irritation will lessen as the hemorrhoids become smaller in size. A sitz bath, a form of hydrotherapy, is one in which you sit in warm water that's over the hips.
Use an over-the-counter anti-hemorrhoid cream to help reduce pain and swelling, suggests MayoClinic.com. Anti-hemorrhoid creams contain hydrocortisone that shrinks irritated hemorrhoids and stop the bleeding.
Lie on your side when sleeping to avoid putting pressure on your rectum. Without the pressure of the full weight of the body on the hemorrhoids, the swelling can decrease. This also can help reduce the pain associated with hemorrhoids. Resting in general can help the healing process.
A cortisone enema will decrease the inflammation of the hemorrhoids immediately, notes Drugs.com. Physicians must prescribe these types of enemas, and you will need to follow up with another appointment to judge the progress. A doctor typically will prescribe these enemas if you experience a lot of bleeding from the hemorrhoids.
Do not use toilet paper after a bowel movement. This will decrease the irritation around the rectum. Instead of using dry toilet paper after a bowel movement, use a cool washcloth to keep the rectum clean.