Brown spots can be called age spots, liver spots and/or freckles, depending upon who you are talking to, according to the Mayo Clinic. Sun exposure plays a major risk factor for developing brown spots, which are technically known as melasma, according to the National Institutes of Health. Spots commonly appear on the nose, forehead, cheeks and upper lip. Choose a variety of natural methods and vitamins and minerals to help reduce the appearance of brown spots.
It is possible to lighten or fade your brown spots using kojic acid, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Kojic acid is commonly used in treating melasma, a skin disorder resulting in brown spots. Kojic acid is a mushroom extract that serves as a natural skin-lightening agent, according to KojicAcid.org. Kojic acid provides a natural skin bleaching alternative to the prescription-based skin treatment known as hydroquinone, reportedly without the associated side effects. Hydroquinone has been known to cause skin irritation, according to the Mayo Clinic. Purchase this herb in a variety of skin care products, including lotions, creams, soaps and gels. Some of these products may be known as fade creams, according to the Mayo Clinic. Make certain that kojic acid is listed as an active ingredient in order for it to be as effective as possible. Apply this herb topically to your affected area for the best results.
Selenium is classified as an essential mineral by the National Institutes of Health. You need this mineral to help stimulate antibodies and protect your cells. If you lack selenium, brown spots may develop, according to MoonDragon.org. Get your selenium through a multivitamin or mineral supplement, as part of your skin care products or through dietary sources. Vegetables, fruits, nuts and other plant foods contain selenium. Plants that were grown in selenium-rich soils will contain higher levels of the nutrient. Other good sources of this skin-healthy nutrient include wheat germ, brewer's yeast, liver, red meat, fish, shellfish and eggs.
Vitamin B2 will help your brown spots. Vitamin B2 has the alternate name of riboflavin, according to Holistic-Online.com and the National Institutes of Health. Your brown spots will develop, or worsen, if your body lacks this nutrient, according to 1stholisticonline.com. As a water-soluble vitamin, you need to replenish this nutrient daily. Your body does not store the nutrient. Use skin care products such as lotions, creams and facial masks that contain niacin as the active ingredient. Makeup and other cosmetic items can contain vitamin B2. Vitamin B2 comes in supplement form or as part of a multivitamin. Another option available will be helping your brown spots by eating vitamin B2-rich foods. Sun exposure destroys vitamin B2, so store your dietary sources of the nutrient in a dark, cold place. Food sources include nuts, dairy products, leafy green vegetables,lean meats, legumes plus fortified breads and cereals, according to the National Institutes of Health.
Zinc is a mineral that plays an important role in regenerating your skin's health. Zinc helps your body heal its wounds, according to the National Institutes of Health. Zinc can help your skin repair itself and reduce the appearance of your brown spots, according to MoonDragon.org. Zinc helps your immune system operate properly. As an antioxidant, this nutrient helps fend off harmful bacteria from entering your skin's outer layer. Get your zinc via supplements, in skin care products or through foods. Rich sources of zinc include shellfish and other high protein foods.