Swelling refers to an enlargement of organs with fluid due to illness or injury. Swelling can occur in any body part and is often accompanied by pain or irritation. It is caused by an accumulation of fluid in the affected area. While swelling can be dangerous if left unattended, it is usually able to be treated effectively at home using several different therapies.
Using temperature is an effective way to treat the inflammation and help alleviate some of the pain of swelling. To start, soak a towel in cold water and apply it to the swollen area for 30 minutes. Switch the cold with a heating pad and provide the area with heat for 30 minutes. Keep alternating cold and heat until the swelling has vanished. The cold helps to reduce the swelling by restricting the blood flow, and the heat helps with the pain.
Since fluid is primarily responsible for swelling, you will need to remove the fluid from the area to get the swelling to go down. One of the best ways to do this is to elevate the affected area to let the fluid drain away from the area. When elevating, make sure the area is above the level of your heart.
Not allowing the fluid to get to the area is also important. To make sure this doesn't happen, try wrapping the area with a bandage or towel. Make sure the bandage is tight, but not so that the blood flow is restricted. This will help to keep the fluid out of the area and the swelling down. Try combining this with the temperature therapy for a better effect.
Due to the fluids that cause swelling, drinking plenty of liquid seems to be the last thing you would want to do to reduce swelling. However, by making sure you have liquids, you make it easier for the body to filter out the swelling-causing fluid. Make sure you are drinking water or juice, as these will be the most effective for clearing out toxins in your body.