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How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants?

by
author image Brynne Chandler
Emmy-award nominated screenwriter Brynne Chandler is a single mother of three who divides her time between professional research and varied cooking, fitness and home & gardening enterprises. A running enthusiast who regularly participates in San Francisco's Bay to Breakers run, Chandler works as an independent caterer, preparing healthy, nutritious meals for Phoenix area residents.
How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants?
How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants? Photo Credit Diane Shear/Demand Media

Homemade essential oils are an excellent alternative to expensive commercial aromatherapy oils. Making essential oils is very simple, especially if you have a garden full of flowers and herbs. You can extract essential oils in several different ways, from the most basic sunlight infusion method to the purchase of a distillation kit. If you have never made essential oils, the infusion method is the first one you should try. Most essential oils are meant to be used to add fragrance to potpourri, cosmetics or ointments. They are not meant to be ingested, because many plant oils are toxic when concentrated.

Step 1

How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants?
Photo Credit Diane Shear/Demand Media

Cut up the flowers and herbs you wish to use. Six tablespoons is a good amount to start with, but it doesn’t have to be exact.

Step 2

How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants?
Photo Credit Diane Shear/Demand Media

Fill a small jar about half-way with whatever herbs, flowers and spices you prefer. You can also add spices like cinnamon and clove to add a little extra fragrance. Don’t be afraid to experiment with mixing and matching herbs and spices.

Step 3

How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants?
Photo Credit Diane Shear/Demand Media

Cover the cut flowers with a light aromatic base oil such as almond oil, olive oil or sesame oil. Make sure that all of the flowers and herbs are covered. How much oil this will require depends on the size and shape of your jar and how much plant matter you used, so just eyeball it.

Step 4

How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants?
Photo Credit Diane Shear/Demand Media

Put the lid on the jar and shake it gently to mix the flowers, herbs and oils. Place the jar in a sunny spot and leave it for at least 48 hours. Swirl the ingredients around gently every few hours.

Step 5

How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants?
Photo Credit Diane Shear/Demand Media

Line a funnel with fine cheesecloth and pour the oil through the cloth and into your second jar, if you want to make the essential oil stronger. Add fresh flowers and herbs, put on the lid and let it sit for another 48 hours. Remember to swirl the jar occasionally.

Step 6

How Are Essential Oils Extracted From Plants?
Photo Credit Diane Shear/Demand Media

Pour the essential oil into a dark-tinted bottle with a good stopper. Label the jar with the ingredients and the date, because essential oils lose their potency after six months.

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