Thermal burns are the most common types of burns, according to MedlinePlus.com. Thermal burns include burns caused by steam, hot metals, hot liquids or flames. Steam burns often occur in the kitchen when a person lifts a lid off a pot of boiling liquid. Steam burns are often minor, but they can be severe. The severity of the burn determines if medical attention is needed.
Measure the burn site to determine how severe the injury appears. According to QuickCare.org, burns that are larger than the size of your palm, require a doctor. A minor steam burn that is smaller than your palm can be treated at home.
Run cold water over the burn site if the skin is not broken. You can also soak your hand in a cold water bath. Keep the injured site in water for five minutes. Do not put ice or soak the burn site in an ice bath. Extreme cold can cause more damage.
Wrap the burn site with a sterile gauze pad or dressing. Keep a sterile dressing on the burn site for the next 24 hours to keep the site clean.
Swallow the correct dosage of ibuprofen or acetaminophen for you. Continue to take it according to the dosing instructions until the pain has subsided. Do not give aspirin to children younger than 12.
Rub lotion over the burn site after the skin has cooled. Lotions that contain aloe have healing properties and can be applied multiple times a day.