Urine pregnancy tests have made it possible to find out if you're pregnant in the privacy of your own bathroom. But as easy as they are to use, the results can sometimes be confusing, especially if you wait longer than the recommended time to read the results or pick it out of the trash for a second look. An evaporation line, which appears when urine dries, might look like a positive test, but it is not.
Understanding the Lines
Urine pregnancy kits test human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG, which is produced by the placenta as it grows. Most home pregnancy tests can detect hCG levels that are 25 mIU/ml and higher. Pregnancy tests have two lines: a control line that will darken when you wet it, regardless of whether you're pregnant, and a second line that tests for hCG. If the second line darkens to match the control line, the hCG in the urine has reacted with the hCG antibodies in the test strip and you're pregnant. If it doesn't darken within the allotted time, generally around five minutes, you're not pregnant.
When the test line begins to dry, a faint, colorless or gray line known as an evaporation line might appear. Since it takes longer than a few minutes for the test to dry, you might not notice this for 10 minutes or longer, according to Craig Medical. If you think you might be pregnant, do another test in 48 hours as soon as you get up or see your doctor for a blood test.
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Blood Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) Assays: What Laboratorians Should Know About False-Positive Results
- Midwifery and Obstetrical Nursing; Piyush Sharma
- Craig Medical: Pregnancy Test FAQs
- Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: The Utility of Six Over-the-counter (Home) Pregnancy Tests