Speed is all about putting force into the ground while sprinting. In order to be proficient, you must have ability, proper mechanics, and a good pair of sprinting spikes. Sprinting spikes vary by price, design, weight, and stiffness in the spike plate. Different models of spikes will work better for certain people and running styles.
Stiff Spike Plate
Certain sprinting spikes will have a stiff spike plate on the bottom of the shoe. This is the area from where the spikes sit to the arch of the shoe. Because of the stiffness of this area of the shoe, you will be better positioned on your toes, which is where you want to strike the ground when you are sprinting. The Adidas Demolisher and the Adidas Powersprint 2 are examples of this type of shoe. Adidas says this particular shoe is lightweight; it weighs 7.2 ounces and has been worn by Tyson Gay, the American record holder in the 100 meters.
Flexible Spike Plate
There are also spikes that offer a more flexible feel to the spike plate. This type of spike will give you a more relaxed feel while running. These spikes will also allow you to position yourself in optimal position sprinting on your toes, but they will not be as stiff. Nike makes a shoe that fits this description called the Zoom JA. This shoe weighs slightly less than the Adidas shoe at 6.2 ounces and has been tested by and designed for some of the world’s fastest sprinters, the Nike website says. Nike tends to be more expensive than Adidas but both make good shoes.
As far as the actual spikes that are fastened in to the spike plate of the shoe, there are a variety of these as well. Depending on the surface of the track, some types of spikes are prohibited. One of the most widely accepted and most functional types of spikes are ¼ inch pyramid spikes. They are called this because they are shaped like a pyramid. These spikes will fit into most models of shoes and will offer good traction and functionality.