According to MayoClinic.com, cold air is a common trigger for an asthma attack. Cold air causes the lungs to constrict, which doesn't affect most of the American population. The lungs of people who are predisposed to asthma will react with severe inflammation and swelling. Asthma symptoms in cold air are manageable by pre-planning, according to the Asthma Society of Canada. Someone with asthma induced by cold air should take medications before exposure to cold air, wear a scarf around the nose and mouth and, when possible, avoid cold air.
According to MSN News, breathing trouble is a common symptom of asthma from cold air. Chest tightness and the inability to take a deep breath will develop when exposed to cooler temperatures. The lungs constrict and swell, reducing the amount of air the person can breathe in. The airways can spasm and begin over-producing mucus, which leads to chest congestion.
Effects on Chest
The chest will become congested with excessive mucus, leading to a consistent cough, according to MayoClinic.com. Chest congestion will feel like there is build-up in the chest. When someone takes a deep breath, wheezing will result. Wheezing is the sound made by swollen or restricted airways. The wheezing will develop when the individual is exposed to cold air and can come and go without explanation. An expectorant may be taken to help loosen the phlegm in the chest.
MSN News states that during exposure or directly after exposure to cold air, coughing will develop. The cough may be wet or dry and can continue for weeks, according to MayoClinic.com. A doctor may recommend taking cough suppressants to alleviate the cough. An individual who begins to cough and cannot catch her breath should seek immediate medical attention. In rare cases, a severe asthma attack from cold air can lead to a life-threatening emergency.
After exposure to cold air, asthma can persist for hours or days, leading to difficulty sleeping, according to MayoClinic.com. A doctor may prescribe an inhaler to treat the breathing symptoms and help the person sleep better. MSN News recommends running a warm-mist humidifier in the bedroom at night to increase moisture and warmth in the room. Keep the lungs warm and moist to reduce cold-induced asthma symptoms.
Talk to a doctor before using any treatment for asthma. Asthma induced by cold air may require relocating to a part of the country that is warmer year-round. If asthma symptoms worsen or cause someone to appear pale, call 911.