The cold is most commonly associated with the winter months. It can, however, attack individuals during the summer as well. A cold is a viral infection that can be caused by a number of different viruses. A cold virus usually starts in the sinus area of the nose and spreads from there. Its often overwhelming symptoms can leave an individual homebound for up to a week or more. Summer months can provide an opportunity for a cold virus to develop because of the heightened allergens and viruses in the air.
Congestion is one of the most common symptoms of a summer cold. The nasal passage becomes swollen and inflamed, making it difficult for air to flow freely through the nostrils. This is most often referred to as a stuffy nose. According to Commoncold.org, a cold virus enters the nose and gets to work quickly to produce symptoms. It can take roughly 12 hours before the first symptoms are noticed. Most people assume the nose becomes blocked by mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe. However, it is actually the swelling of the inside lining of the nose that causes nasal congestion.
Coughing is a huge indicator of a cold. This often relentless reflex is an attempt to clear the airway of mucus that has touched the back of throat. According to MayoClinic.com, sometimes a hacking couch can lead to other infectious respiratory tract ailments, such as whooping cough. Out of all of the summer cold symptoms, the hacking cough or dry cough lasts the longest and will usually become more severe during sleeping hours. Severe hacking cough can cause the ribs, as well as the chest area, to become sore. A dry hacking cough usually does not occur because of mucus; it is caused by small receptors in the throat that have become agitated.
A summer cold can provoke watery eyes. During a cold illness, the sinus area of the nose becomes inflamed and may also produce more tears than necessary. The eyes may become irritated by excessive sneezing or coughing and may release an overwhelming amount of tears. According to MayoClinic.com, children are more likely to have watery eyes due to a tear duct that is not open. A cold may provoke this symptom and cause excessive watery eyes until the virus leaves the body. A summer cold can last up to seven days without treatment; however, it usually goes away on its own within that time.