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What Foods Are the Main Sources of Protein, Fat & Carbohydrates?

by
author image Kira Jaines
Based in Arizona, Kira Jaines writes health/fitness and travel articles, volunteers with Learning Ally and travels throughout the Southwest. She has more than 16 years of experience in transcribing and editing medical reports. Jaines holds a Bachelor of Arts in telecommunications and journalism from Northern Arizona University.
What Foods Are the Main Sources of Protein, Fat & Carbohydrates?
Whole grain breads are a main source of complex carbohydrates. Photo Credit bread image by Maria Brzostowska from <a href='http://www.fotolia.com'>Fotolia.com</a>

Overview

Proteins, fats and carbohydrates provide the calories your body needs for energy, and a healthy diet contains all three. The trick is to find the right balance and to know which foods contain which source of calories. Whatever your particular calorie requirements are, protein sources should make up 10 to 35 percent of your diet, fat sources 20 to 35 percent and carbohydrate sources 45 to 65 percent, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005.

Protein

What Foods Are the Main Sources of Protein, Fat & Carbohydrates?
Farmer holding soybeans in field Photo Credit Fuse/Fuse/Getty Images

Proteins provide the 20 amino acids which make up the cells, tissues and organs of your body. Your body makes over half the amino acids needed, but your diet must provide the rest -- the essential amino acids. Some foods are “complete” sources of protein and contain all the essential amino acids. Animal-based foods are the main sources of complete protein and include meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk and cheese.

Plant-based foods also contain protein, but are “incomplete” sources of protein, meaning they contain only some of the essential amino acids. These incomplete proteins include nuts and seeds, rice, beans, corn and tofu. But eating complementary plant-based foods can provide your complete essential amino acid requirement. For example, beans and peas complement rice or nuts and seeds, each providing the essential amino acid the other lacks.

Soybeans are the only plant-based food considered a complete protein, providing all essential amino acids.

Fats

What Foods Are the Main Sources of Protein, Fat & Carbohydrates?
Raw salmon with herbs Photo Credit anna liebiedieva/iStock/Getty Images

A certain amount of fat intake is essential in a healthy diet. Most of your fat requirement should come from unsaturated sources. The main sources of “healthy” fats include nuts and seeds, fish, avocados and most plant-based oils, such as olive oil or canola oil. Healthy fats can help reduce your LDLs or “bad cholesterol."

Saturated fats, on the other hand, increase your bad cholesterol. These fats are usually contained in animal-based foods, such as cheese, meat, milk, butter and cream. The plant-based palm and coconut oils are also sources of saturated fat. You can lessen the amount of saturated fat in your diet by choosing low-fat versions of dairy products or leaner cuts of meat.

The hydrogenation process transforms liquid oils into semi-solid fats, creating trans fats. Trans fats raise your bad cholesterol and put you at risk for heart disease. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 recommends you keep consumption of trans fats as low as possible. Trans fats are found in commercially-baked desserts, some restaurant fried foods and stick margarine.

Carbohydrates

What Foods Are the Main Sources of Protein, Fat & Carbohydrates?
Honey poured onto wooden spoon Photo Credit grafvision/iStock/Getty Images

Your body turns carbohydrates into glucose for energy. The main sources of healthy carbohydrates are fruits, vegetables, grains and milk products. When you don’t use carbohydrate energy right away, your body stores some of it in the liver and muscles, but stores the rest as fat.

Complex carbohydrates, such as those found in whole grain products, beans and root vegetables, contain starch and fiber that your body turns into fat less easily, says the Merck Manual Home Edition. Simple carbohydrates are easily broken down and absorbed – these include fruits, dairy products and natural sweeteners such as honey or maple syrup.

Refined carbohydrates are highly processed, often losing the fiber and nutrients that make them healthy, though they often contain the same number of calories. White flour and white sugar, used to make breads, pastas, cakes, cookies, sweets and sodas, are sources of refined carbohydrates.

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