zig
0

Notifications

  • You're all caught up!

Asthma Medicines That Cause Anxiety

by
author image Skyler White
Skyler White is an avid writer and anthropologist who has written for numerous publications. As a writing professional since 2005, White's areas of interests include lifestyle, business, medicine, forensics, animals and green living. She has a Bachelor of Arts in anthropology from San Francisco State University and a Master of Science in forensic science from Pace University.
Asthma Medicines That Cause Anxiety
A man's hand holding an albuterol inhaler. Photo Credit Anita Patterson-Peppers/iStock/Getty Images

Overview

Anxiety caused by specific asthma medications may lead to an anxiety disorder, states “A Consumer’s Guide to Psychiatric Drugs.” Moreover, asthma medications can exacerbate preexisting anxiety problems. Alternately, asthma medications in general may cause anxiety due to a psychosomatic response to a psychological connection between respiration and the medication, leading to dependency that can manifest as anxiety, according to “The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychosomatic Medicine.”

Albuterol and Salmeterol

Albuterol, marketed under brands Proventil and Ventolin, and salmeterol, marketed under the brand Advair, are bronchodilators that treat pulmonary disorders such as asthma and lung disease, explains John Vanin, James Helsley and David Morgan in “Anxiety Disorders.” The class of drugs that albuterol and salmeterol fall under is sympathomimetic amines, which stimulate the sympathetic nervous system similar to hormones like endorphins and adrenaline. Accordingly, they can increase heart rate as well as cause nausea, insomnia and decreased appetite, which are all shared symptoms of anxiety. As a result, those taking albuterol or salmeterol may feel anxious without cause.

Corticosteroids

Patients with asthma may either inhale or inject corticosteroids. In addition to causing aggression and psychosis, these drugs may also cause anxiety, according to Vanin, Helsley and Morgan. Inhaled corticosteroids cause substantially fewer side effects than systemic corticosteroids, which require injection.

Theophylline

Theophylline is a bronchodilator taken orally. Chemically, it is a methylxanthine akin to caffeine, differing by only one methyl group. It has a narrow therapeutic window, rendering most other asthma medications more effective. Side effects include increased heart rate, nausea, tremor, agitation and insomnia -- cumulatively translating as anxiety to the user.

LiveStrong Calorie Tracker
THE LIVESTRONG.COM MyPlate Nutrition, Workouts & Tips
GOAL
  • Gain 2 pounds per week
  • Gain 1.5 pounds per week
  • Gain 1 pound per week
  • Gain 0.5 pound per week
  • Maintain my current weight
  • Lose 0.5 pound per week
  • Lose 1 pound per week
  • Lose 1.5 pounds per week
  • Lose 2 pounds per week
GENDER
  • Female
  • Male
lbs.
ft. in.

YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE

CURRENTLY TRENDING

Demand Media

Our Privacy Policy has been updated. Please take a moment and read it here.