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Ingrown Hairs & Acne

by
author image Casey Holley
Casey Holley is a medical writer who began working in the health and fitness industries in 1995, while still in high school. She has worked as a nutrition consultant and has written numerous health and wellness articles for various online publications. She has also served in the Navy and is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in health administration from the University of Phoenix.
Ingrown Hairs & Acne
Ingrown hairs can crop up where hair is removed. Photo Credit Andrey Popov/iStock/Getty Images

Ingrown hairs and acne, dermatological conditions that can affect many areas of the body, crop up where hair is removed such as on the the face, legs and bikini area. Acne on the face is the bane of many teenagers. Over-the-counter treatments and prescription drugs treat both conditions.

Symptoms

Both acne and ingrown hairs produce blemishes. These blemishes are usually red bumps, and they may contain pus. Acne can come in the form of flesh-colored, white or black spots on the face, but ingrown hairs don't produce these flat or slightly raised spots. Pain and itching may sometimes occur with these conditions.

Causes

An ingrown hair is caused by a hair that has been cut, and curves around to grow either into the skin or through the hair follicle wall. Acne is caused by a hair follicle becoming blocked with dead skin cells that have mixed with natural skin oils. In both cases, the blemish occurs because of skin irritation.

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Treatment

You can treat acne and ingrown hairs at home. For both conditions, the affected area should be cleaned twice per day using a gentle cleaner. The healing of ingrown hairs can be expedited by applying a warm compress to the bump three times per day. You may also have to lift the ingrown end of the hair out of the skin with a sterilized needle. Acne will usually respond to over-the-counter treatments containing salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide.

Considerations

Both ingrown hairs and acne may get severe enough to require prescription treatments. If ingrown hairs occur each time you shave, you may need corticosteroids, retinoids and/or antibiotics. Acne that does not clear up after eight weeks of diligent home treatment may require topical prescription antibiotics or retinoids. Oral medications, including birth control pills, antibiotics or isotretinoin, may be needed for severe acne that leads to cysts.

Warning

Acne and ingrown hairs can cause scarring, including keloidal scarring, and a darkening of the surrounding skin known as hyperpigmentation. Because of these risks, prompt treatment is necessary. Infection is also possible with either condition. If any signs of infection are present such as extreme redness, foul smelling discharge, fever or hot skin, see your doctor as soon as possible.

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References

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