Truvia is a zero-calorie sweetener made of natural ingredients. The brand is owned by Cargill and is the first stevia-based sweetener approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The sweetener is most suitable for coffee and tea, although you can purchase bulk amounts for baking and cooking. Released in early 2010, Truvia contains three ingredients.
Erythritol is a natural sugar alcohol that is naturally low in calories while still providing a sweet taste. An April 2010 study entitled "Erythritol Is a Sweet Antioxidant," performed by G.J. den Hartog et al. and published in the journal "Nutrition," found that not only is erythritol sweet but it is also an effective antioxidant, which helps to protect the body from free radical damage associated with metabolism and environment. The erythritol constitutes approximately three grams of carbohydrates per one 3.5-grams packet of Truvia.
Stevia Leaf Extract
Stevia leaf extract comes from the Stevia rebaudiana plant and is also known as Rebaudioside A, Reb A or Rebiana. This highly-purified extract form has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration, however the whole leaf or crude extract form has not. The plant is native to South America.
Natural Flavors Found in Truvia
The Food and Drug Administration defines natural flavor, or natural flavoring, as an essential oil, oleoresin, extracted or essence, protein hydrolysate or distillate. It can be any product of roasting, heating or enzymolysis that contains a flavored spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, root, leaf or plant material, bud or bark derivatives thereof. This also applies to poultry, eggs, dairy products or fermentation where the function is more flavor than nutrition.