Cabbage is a leafy green vegetable that grows in a dense and compact head and can be eaten raw or cooked in a range of dishes. Cabbage is nutritious, offering several vitamins and minerals, while remaining low in calories.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, a 1-cup serving of shredded cabbage contains just 18 calories. Carbohydrates provide just over 15 calories while proteins offer 2 calories and fats deliver just 1 calorie. The same serving adds less than 1 percent to the daily recommended caloric intake for the average adult, based on a 2,000 calorie per day diet.
The USDA also states that one cup of shredded cabbage weighs 70 grams. Of that measure, 4 grams are carbohydrates, 1 gram is protein and less than 1 gram is fats. The remainder consists of water, indigestible components and other nutrients.
Cabbage contains several essential vitamins, including vitamins B6, C, and K, thiamin, riboflavin and folate. The vegetable also provides important dietary minerals including calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and manganese.
According to the American Heart Association, eating foods low in saturated fat and cholesterol can help reduce the risk of heart disease. Cabbage contains no appreciable amounts of saturated fats and cholesterol.