When you were younger, acne was the chief problem you had to contend with when treating your skin. As you age, loss of elasticity, age spots, extremely dry or rough skin can present new problems that require treatment. In order to combat these issues, you can apply moisturizers containing active ingredients that help combat these problems. Because a number of antiaging moisturizers exist, it is important to determine the best moisturizer for your skin problem.
A number of changes occur as the skin ages. This includes a loss of melanin pigmentation that makes the skin appear thinner. However, melanin pigment can condense in certain areas, causing age spots or sun spots, according to MedlinePlus. Your skin produces less elastic tissue, which can cause skin sagging and wrinkling, which can age you. Also, the sebaceous — oil — glands in the skin produce less oil, which can result in dry, itchy skin.
Selecting the best moisturizing cream for your aging skin can be difficult — but the cream doesn’t have to be expensive, according to the American Academy of Dermatologists. Instead, look for a product that is backed by scientific research. Another common misconception is that moisturizing products that contain natural or organic ingredients are safer and more effective than their nonorganic counterparts. However, most of these treatments must be synthesized in some manner to be included in a cream. This means the treatment may not be as natural as promised.
Free radicals are substances in the environment that can advance skin aging, according to the Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center College of Medicine. Antioxidants that fight free radicals can be incorporated into antiaging moisturizers to fight free radicals. Examples include vitamin A creams, also known as retinoids. These help to fight aging skin problems such as wrinkles, hyperpigmentation and rough skin. Stronger creams are available by prescription, including tretinoin and tazorotene. Vitamin C creams also have been shown to stimulate collagen production and fight free radicals, according to “U.S. News & World Report.”
Alpha Hydroxy Acids
Moisturizers that contain alpha hydroxy acids are used to treat aging skin problems such as rough, unevenly pigmented or wrinkled skin, according to the Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center College of Medicine. Examples of alpha hydroxy acids include glycolic, lactic and salicylic acid. When applied to the skin, these products loosen the “glue” that binds dead skin cells to the skin. When dead skin cells are removed, fresher, newer skin is revealed, which can make you appear younger.
Emollients and Moisturizers
Ingredients known as emollients help the skin retain moisture. Examples include plant oils, shea butter, cocoa butter, cholesterol, silicone and lanolin. These ingredients may be combined with wrinkle-fighting ingredients to soften the skin. Other moisturizing ingredients include occlusives, which block water loss in the skin. Examples include petrolatum, mineral oil and silicones.
When using moisturizers to fight aging, one of the best can be a simple moisturizer that contains a sun protection factor of 15 or higher. Because alpha hydroxy acid and antioxidant treatments exfoliate the skin, your skin may be more susceptible to burning. Wearing a protective sunscreen can prevent sun damage, according to MedlinePlus. Avoid heavily perfumed products; these can be irritating to your skin, which becomes more sensitive as it ages.
- American Academy of Dermatology: Dermatologists Dispel Common Myths About Age-Fighting Topicals
- MedlinePlus: Aging Changes in the Skin
- Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center College of Medicine: Aging Skin
- Skin Care Guide: The Best Moisturizers
- U.S. News & World Report: 3 Wrinkle Treatments that Work