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Types of Therapeutic Diets

by
author image Jill Corleone, RDN, LD
Jill Corleone is a registered dietitian and health coach who has been writing and lecturing on diet and health for more than 15 years. Her work has been featured on the Huffington Post, Diabetes Self-Management and in the book "Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation," edited by John R. Bach, M.D. Corleone holds a Bachelor of Science in nutrition.
Types of Therapeutic Diets
Eat more soluble fiber, found in foods like pears, on the TLC diet. Photo Credit Jupiterimages/liquidlibrary/Getty Images

A therapeutic diet is a medically prescribed eating plan recommended as a mode of treatment for a chronic disease. It usually requires you to eliminate or limit certain types of foods, eat more of certain types of foods, change the consistency of your foods or alter your eating pattern.

Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes

The Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes diet is a therapeutic diet prescribed by doctors to help you lower your blood cholesterol levels and reduce your risk of heart disease. It is also used to treat coronary artery disease and diabetes, according to the American Heart Association. It was designed by experts of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Association's National Cholesterol Education Program. The diet requires you to limit your saturated fat intake to less than 7 percent of your total daily calories and to limit your cholesterol intake to less than 200 mg a day. It also encourages you consume 10 to 25 g of soluble fiber and 2 g of plant sterols and stanols a day to help lower blood cholesterol levels. Calories on the TLC diet are also controlled to help with weight management.

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Diabetic Diet

The diabetic diet is a therapeutic diet for treatment of diabetes. The principle behind the eating plan is that people with diabetes have a difficult time managing the sugar their body produces from the food they eat due to an inability to make enough insulin or properly use the insulin they do make. The diabetic diet aims to control the amount of food you eat, especially foods that dramatically affect blood sugar, to help manage the disease. The diet is not overly restrictive, but encourages you to make wise food choices from each of the food groups to maximize your nutritional intake. The diet also aims to promote a healthy weight because this improves blood sugar management.

DASH Diet

The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, also known as the DASH diet, is a therapeutic diet used to treat high blood pressure. The diet encourages you to eat foods that contain high amounts of potassium, magnesium, calcium and fiber to help lower your blood pressure. It also recommends you limit your intake of sodium to 1,500 mg a day if you have high blood pressure. The DASH diet is considered an overall healthy diet and has also been shown to be helpful for those wishing to lose weight and prevent the onset of diabetes. The diet includes high amounts of fruits, vegetables and whole grains, along with lean sources of protein, low-fat dairy foods, nuts, seeds and legumes.

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