Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss, and it is the type of alopecia known as alopecia cicatricial that produces scarring of the scalp. According to the Mayo Clinic, the hair follicles become scarred and, therefore, dormant due to inflammation. Hair follicles never return to a scar site, and so this form of hair loss is permanent. Herbal remedies exist that can help treat scar tissue.
Lupo erythematosus and lichen planus are two inflammatory skin conditions that can produce this scarring of the hair follicles, according to the Mayo Clinic. They are both autoimmune diseases, which means that the body's immune system attacks its own cells. Lichen planus creates itchy purple flat-top growths while Lupus' symptoms range from skin lesions and sores to internal problems such as chest pain and breathing difficulties.
Gotu Kola is an aquatic herb from the southern hemisphere. It has been known for its medicinal qualities for many centuries. Gotu kola is readily available in ointment form from health stores — for the most beneficial results it should be applied on newly formed scars. The natural health website GrannyMed notes that gotu kola's components can regulate collagen production, increase blood flow to the scarring and improve skin elasticity. Antioxidant effects also help it contribute to the growth of new skin.
Of the 400 different species of aloe vera it is aloe barbadensis that is the one most commonly associated with medicinal properties. Available as an extract in many cosmetics, aloe vera is actually best applied in its original pure gel form straight from the leaf. GrannyMed notes that aloe vera's anti-inflammatory effects can help repair wounds and increase the production of new skin cells. Unlike gotu kola, aloe vera can also help improve the appearance of older scars.
Onion is an active ingredient in the over-the-counter scar treatment Mederma, which can be found as a gel in many health stores. Apply this gel to the scarred area three to four times daily to see improved results. Onions are anti-inflammatory and can control the over-production of collagen in the skin, which can otherwise lead to the development of hypertrophic growth scars.
Clinical evidence to support the claims of herbal remedies is lacking. GrannyMed notes that these natural remedies are not suitable for more severe scarring. Consult your doctor before attempting to self-treat with topical herbal remedies to avoid skin irritation and also to garner professional advice on your condition.