Women need at least 75 micrograms of vitamin K per day, and men need at least 90 micrograms for proper blood clotting and bone density. People who take blood thinners, however, need to watch their vitamin K intake and keep it consistent so it doesn't interfere with their medication. Knowing which foods don't contain vitamin K can help with this.
Meat, Poultry and Seafood
Beef isn't a good choice if you're watching your vitamin K intake because it contains vitamin K. Pork products without vitamin K include ham, ground pork, Canadian bacon and pork shoulder. If you want seafood, choose scallops. Chicken and turkey, including turkey giblets, are good poultry choices, but don't eat the skin because this can contain small amounts of vitamin K.
Legumes, Nuts and Seeds
Legumes and some types of nuts and seeds provide vitamin K. Soybeans and kidney beans are the legumes with the most vitamin K, and cashews and pine nuts contain the highest amounts among nuts and seeds. Those limiting their vitamin K intake can still safely eat peanuts, almonds, sesame seeds, coconut and macadamia nuts, which don't contain this vitamin.
Fruits and Vegetables
Although vegetables are one of the main sources of vitamin K, corn and mushrooms don't contain this nutrient. Limit cooked green leafy vegetables, broccoli and asparagus, as these are among the vegetables with the most vitamin K. If you're on a blood-thinning medication, choose vegetables that are lower in vitamin K, such as green beans, peas, lettuce and cucumber. Starfruit, grapefruit, tangerines, oranges, apple juice and clementines are examples of vitamin K-free fruits.
Grains and Pasta
Quinoa, enriched white rice, tapioca, enriched spaghetti or macaroni, egg noodles and amaranth are among the better choices for grains if you need to limit your vitamin K intake. Avoid pastas made with spinach or with other grains not listed previously because these contain at least small amounts of vitamin K.
Dairy and Eggs
You can eat a serving of some dairy products without increasing your vitamin K intake. Skim milk, creamed cottage cheese, nonfat plain Greek yogurt, egg whites and nonfat vanilla or chocolate yogurt are good choices, but egg yolks, cheese and reduced-fat versions of dairy products may contain at least a small amount of vitamin K.
- USDA National Nutrient Database: Nutrient Lists: Vitamin K, Beef, Grains, Dairy and Egg
- USDA National Nutrient Database: Nutrient Lists: Vitamin K, Seafood, Fruit, Lamb and Veal
- USDA National Nutrient Database: Nutrient Lists: Vitamin K, Legumes, Nuts and Pork
- USDA National Nutrient Database: Nutrient Lists: Vitamin K, Poultry and Vegetables
- Linus Pauling Institute: Vitamin K
- University of Maryland Medical Center: Vitamin K
- Coumadin.com: Foods With Vitamin K