Having a painful urination could be due to numerous conditions, from a simple urinary tract infection to a sexually transmitted disease. When the burning, or painful, sensation begins may vary from individual to individual. There's no set time frame as to when the burning sensation may occur in regards to before, during or after urination.
You can experience burning close to the end of urinating with conditions such as urethritis, kidney stones, prostatitis or a urinary tract infection. Certain sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes simplex virus also can cause painfrul urination. Women may also experience painful urination due to changes in vaginal tissue, especially during menopause, according to MedlinePlus. Irritated vaginal tissues can cause painful urination. Vaginal tissues may become irritated due to bubble baths, lotions or perfumes. Your health care provider may ask for a urine sample or perform a genital exam. .
You may or may not experience other symptoms along with painful urination, depending upon the cause. Abdominal pain is common, especially when dealing with kidney stones, urethritis or a urinary tract infection. You may also notice a discharge from your penis or vagina. The urgency to urinate may be strong, causing frequent urination but only passing small amounts of urine. Your urine may appear cloudy and have a foul odor; this is a result of a bacterial infection such as a urinary tract infection.
Depending upon the cause of your symptoms, your health care provider may prescribe antibiotics or advise you to drink plenty of water and prescribe pain killers. Water and pain killers are a likely remedy for kidney stones while antibiotics are usually prescribed for urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases and other conditions caused by a bacterial infection. Depending upon the type and strength of the antibiotic, you may need to take them for three to 10 days.
If you begin to notice a strong, foul odor when you urinate or begin to urinate frequently but only pass small, insignificant amounts, this may indicate an infection. If you begin to pass blood in your urine, seek medical care right away. If your physician suspects kidney stones are the cause of your painful urination, you may need to urinate into a strainer to collect any kidney stones that you pass. Your doctor can have a laboratory test performed on the stones to determine what's causing them to compile a plan to prevent a reoccurrence.