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Weight Training That Will Increase Your Running Speed

by
author image Marcy Reed
Marcy Reed has been a certified nurse midwife since 2004 and a writer since 2007. She has been published in "Midwifery Today." Reed earned a bachelor's degree in nursing in California and received her midwifery education in Kentucky.
Weight Training That Will Increase Your Running Speed
Targeted weight lifting exercises can improve your running speed. Photo Credit Dana Bartekoske/iStock/Getty Images

Runners often look for training strategies to increase speed. While some runners are hesitant to incorporate weight training for fear of bulking up and slowing down, appropriate strength training exercises may actually increase your running speed. Consider incorporating regular weight and plyometric training into your exercise plan.

Strength Training

Strength training offers many benefits for overall health but some runners resist weightlifting. As a runner, you rely on your legs to push you off the ground and propel you forward quickly. This pushing motion requires strength. While traditional weight training and plyometric weight training techniques have been shown improve running performance, plyometric exercises might make the most significant difference in your speed.

Plyometrics

Plyometrics include explosive-type training techniques. These types of techniques have been shown to improve performance in 5-km distance runs. Speed benefits from plyometric strength training may be related to neuromuscular adaptation from the explosive power rather than muscle hypertrophy, making this type of training ideal for distance athletes.

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Sample Exercises

Examples of explosive-strength training exercises include split squat jumps and one-legged jumps using body weight or additional weight in the form of dumbbells or a barbell. The leg press can be adapted for explosive strength training by slowly bending your knees and then pushing the weight back up quickly.

Hamstrings

Runners typically have muscular quadriceps, but hamstrings are often overlooked in training. Hamstrings are thought to be the most important muscle group for speed in running. Incorporate hamstring curls into your strength training routine. Alternate machine curls for strength with exercise ball curls. Hamstring curls with exercise balls enhance nervous system adaptation.

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