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Composition of a Healthy Lifestyle

author image Laurel Heidtman
Laurel Heidtman began writing for her hometown paper, "The Harrison Press," in 1964. In addition to freelancing she has worked as a police officer, a registered nurse, a health educator and a technical writer. She holds an associate degree in nursing, a Bachelor of Arts in English and a Master of Technical and Scientific Communication from Miami University of Ohio.
Composition of a Healthy Lifestyle
Exercise with others for companionship and motivation. Photo Credit Pixland/Pixland/Getty Images

A healthy lifestyle should be like a healthy diet -- well-balanced. Practicing only one or two aspects of healthy living is, of course, better than practicing none at all, but neglecting other areas can eventually lead to health problems. A healthy lifestyle should include a nutritious diet, exercise for your body and your brain, rest, a supportive social network, avoidance of risky behaviors and the practice of healthy ones.

Good Food

Composition of a Healthy Lifestyle
Good Food Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Pixland/Getty Images

You can’t be healthy if you consistently eat unhealthy food. For maximum health, vegetables, fruits and whole grains should be approximately 75 percent of your intake at each meal. Meat or a meat substitute can provide the rest, but choose lean cuts of meat such as skinless poultry and sirloin, or fish, such as salmon and tuna. Consume meatless meals comprised of beans or soy products to substitute red meat. Reduce your intake of processed foods and reduce portions for better weight control. Finally, limit sugar, salt and fried foods.

Physical and Mental Exercise

Composition of a Healthy Lifestyle
Physical and Mental Exercise Photo Credit Fuse/Fuse/Getty Images

Aim for at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise most days of the week, along with a couple strength-training workouts. Exercise can lower blood pressure and cholesterol, make bones stronger, help with weight control and relieve stress. Physical exercise even benefits the brain by increasing circulation. In addition, exercise your mind by reading, doing crosswords or learning something new. Doing something that involves both your brain and your hands, such as knitting or woodworking, can also be a great stress reliever.

Adequate Rest

Composition of a Healthy Lifestyle
Adequate Rest Photo Credit BananaStock/BananaStock/Getty Images

Sleep is healing. If you are chronically short on sleep, your health and most areas of your life suffer. Adequate sleep helps learning and memory. Lack of it increases your risk of disease by lowering your immunity, increases hypertension and irregular heartbeat and can lead to accidents. When you’re tired, you can become irritable and impatient, affecting your personal and professional relationships. Finally, chronic lack of sleep affects metabolism and can result in weight gain.

Social Support

Composition of a Healthy Lifestyle
Social Support Photo Credit Tim Pannell/Fuse/Fuse/Getty Images

Humans are social creatures. Cultivate relationships with your family and friends. If you have been transferred for work far from people you know and love, make use of technology to stay close. Through the Internet and smart phones, you can email, text and even make video calls. Don't neglect your immediate surroundings. Join a club or find places in your community where people gather. If you're new to an area, joining a church can enable you to meet people at the same time you satisfy spiritual needs.

Healthy Behaviors

Composition of a Healthy Lifestyle
Get an annual physical exam Photo Credit Comstock Images/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Risky behaviors are often associated with teens, but adults of all ages can engage in behaviors that put their health and lives at risk. Obviously risky behaviors include unprotected sex, illegal drug use and driving while under the influence, but other less frowned upon behaviors can also put your health at risk. Make it a practice to wear seat belts, get physical exams, wash your hands frequently and see the dentist regularly.

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