• You're all caught up!

Olympic Volleyball Uniform Rules

author image Heather Steele
Heather Steele is a nutritional sciences graduate from the University of Oklahoma. She is a nationally registered dietitian and medically licensed. Steele currently practices dietetics in multiple public school systems promoting healthy eating, exercise and well-being by providing nutrition educations.
Olympic Volleyball Uniform Rules
Sand volleyball players on a court. Photo Credit Craig Gillett/iStock/Getty Images

The Federation Internationale de Volleyball governs all international competitions, including the beach and indoor versions played in the Olympics. While players must adhere to rules regarding uniforms regardless of the venue, most of the controversy around volleyball uniforms is over the bikinis worn by beach players. Just before the 2012 games, the FIVB made a change in the beach uniform rules to be more culturally sensitive.

Indoor Rules

Indoor volleyball uniforms consist of a jersey, shorts, socks and light, flexible athletic with rubber soles. While some player's may wear elbow pads, knee pads and ankle braces for extra support and safety, they're not required. All player's uniforms must be kept clean to avoid obstruction of their number, which can be caused by blood from injury or long hair.

Numbers and Jerseys

With one exception, the color and design of the team's jerseys must match. A player's number must be between 1 and 20. It has to be on the center of the front and back of the jersey and in a shade different from the rest of the jersey. It must be at least 15 centimeters on the chest and 20 centimeters on the back. The team captain must have a stripe which underlines the number on their chest.


The matching uniform exception is for the libero, a defensive specialist who can only play on the back row. Since the libero has to stand out to players and referees alike, she must wear a uniform in clear contrast to what her teammates wear. That rule applies in all levels of volleyball.

Beach Volleyball

Beach volleyball, which is played with two players instead of six, grabbed the attention of TV viewers in part because the female players wore bikini bottoms. Players carried that tradition into the Olympics as well, usually over the concerns of some viewers who thought it exploited the players. In 2011, the FIVB gave beach players the option to cover up a bit with shorts and tank tops. They always had the option to don a hat, visor or sunglasses. Players must wear a 10-centimeter long No. 1 or 2 on the chest or bottoms.

LiveStrong Calorie Tracker
THE LIVESTRONG.COM MyPlate Nutrition, Workouts & Tips
  • Gain 2 pounds per week
  • Gain 1.5 pounds per week
  • Gain 1 pound per week
  • Gain 0.5 pound per week
  • Maintain my current weight
  • Lose 0.5 pound per week
  • Lose 1 pound per week
  • Lose 1.5 pounds per week
  • Lose 2 pounds per week
  • Female
  • Male
ft. in.



Demand Media