Cabbage is a cruciferous vegetable that is edible both raw and cooked. Red and green cabbage are two different cabbage varieties that have a similar flavor, although red cabbage tends to be more peppery than green. Heads of red cabbage are also smaller and denser than green cabbage heads. Both cabbage varieties provide a wealth of health benefits.
If you add a cup of chopped green cabbage to your diet, you'll get 3 percent of your daily value of vitamin A. But if you opt for a cup of chopped red cabbage, you'll add 19 percent of your daily value of vitamin A to your diet for. Vitamin A is an essential nutrient that helps maintain your teeth, skeletal tissue, skin and mucous membranes.
Vitamin C is a necessary vitamin that your body needs to promote new tissue growth. Your body uses vitamin C to repair wounds and to keep your bones, cartilage and teeth healthy. Both red and green cabbage are good sources of vitamin C, but you'll get a super boost from adding red cabbage to your diet. While a cup of chopped green cabbage contains 47 percent of your daily value of vitamin C, eating a cup of chopped red cabbage will get you 84 percent of your daily value.
Vegetables aren't the best sources of iron, but cabbage does offer a small amount of this essential mineral. Eating a cup of shredded green cabbage will add 2 percent of your daily value of iron to your diet, while a cup of shredded red cabbage contains 3 percent. Your body needs iron to keep your red blood cells functioning properly, carrying oxygen to all of your cells. If you don't get enough iron in your diet, you could suffer from anemia, which can lead to fatigue.
Red cabbage boasts an extra nutrient not found in green cabbage. Anthocyanins are the antioxidants that give red cabbage its purple color. These flavonoids are known for their health-boosting benefits including cancer-fighting and memory improvement. Anthocyanins may contribute to healthy weight loss by helping your body release hormones that metabolize fat and suppress your appetite.