The Mirena IUD is an intrauterine device that prevents pregnancy. It contains progestin that prevents ovulation, explains Drugs.com. It can also change the lining of the uterus to prevent a fertilized egg from implanting, should there be an egg for sperm to penetrate. In order to use the IUD a woman must have a medical professional insert the device and remove it when it is time. There may be adverse side effects after the Mirena IUD is removed.
The Feminist Women's Health Center in Washington State (FWHC) points out that the IUD takes less time to remove than it does to insert. A medical professional will find the thread that is attached to the base of the frame and slowly withdraw it. The removal requires the insertion of a speculum, which can cause irritation and cramping. The process of removal is said to be mildly uncomfortable, explains the FWHC. The most common symptoms after removal are mild bleeding, irritation, sensitivity and mild cramping according to the Mirena prescription information sheet.
The FWHC points out that while the IUD was in place a woman may not have had a period or she may have experienced lighter or heavier periods with more or less cramping. The length of a period may have been shorter or longer than before the IUD was inserted. Once Mirena is removed the menstrual cycle will return or it may go back to the way it was before the IUD was placed.
The FWHC suggests the Mirena IUD can delay fertility once it is removed but it does not inhibit it altogether. If a woman is pregnant while Mirena is being removed Bayer Healthcare points out that the removal of the device may cause a loss of pregnancy but the failure to remove it can lead to premature delivery.
In the event that the device became implanted or embedded into the uterus or perforated the cervix, surgical removal may be required. There are several side effects that accompany the surgical procedure to remove the IUD including spotting, tenderness, cramping and possibly infection.