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What Is the Butterfly on a Workout Machine?

by
author image Jolie Johnson
Based in Austin, Texas, Jolie Johnson has been in the fitness industry for over 12 years and has been writing fitness-related articles since 2008 for various websites. She received her Bachelor of Arts in English and philosophy from the University of Illinois.
What Is the Butterfly on a Workout Machine?
Exercise machine at gym Photo Credit DAJ/amana images/Getty Images

Sometimes called butterfly arms, the butterfly apparatus is a strength training station for targeting your chest muscles. A butterfly is usually found on home gyms, multi-gyms and as a stand-alone machine in fitness centers. There are two types of butterfly machines, one is called a butterfly or pec deck, and the other is called a fly.

Movement

Sit on the upright bench with your feet flat on the floor. Place your forearms against the arm pads. Your forearms should be perpendicular to the floor and your upper arms parallel to the floor. Push against the arms enough to lift the weights off the stack. This is the starting point. Squeeze against the weight until the butterfly arms almost touch in front of your chest. Keep your chest elevated; don't let it sink in. Pause for a count then slowly lower back to the starting position.

Types

The butterfly station is also called the pec deck station. As described above, your forearms are placed perpendicularly to the ground. A second type of butterfly station is simply called a fly. However, the difference is in your arm position. During a fly, your arms are almost fully extended and parallel to the ground as you push the weight together. During the butterfly, you have a 90-degree bend in your elbow, placing your forearm in a vertical position.

Function

The butterfly and the fly both target your chest muscles. These are isolation exercises so the movement only occurs at one joint -- your shoulders. This keeps the emphasis on your chest and eliminates involvement from your triceps, which are the muscles on the back of your upper arm. Your biceps, the muscles on the front of your upper arm, assist during the fly movement. This is the result of your arms being fully extended instead of bent.

Considerations

Although "butterfly" and "fly" are often used interchangeably, they are two separate exercises. The butterfly movement can only be done on a butterfly apparatus. You need the arm pads to keep your forearms in a vertical position. However, the regular fly can be done with other types of equipment, such as a cable machine, dumbbells or a resistance band. Because the arm lever is shorter for a butterfly -- your arm is bent -- you should be able to push more weight on the butterfly than the fly exercise.

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