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Squash Vs. Sweet Potatoes

author image Sarah Bill
Sarah Bill has been a technical writer since 2007 for a leading natural personal care company based in Durham, N.C. Bill is also an extreme sports enthusiast and she skated with the Carolina Rollergirls from 2006 to 2009 as her alter ego, Billy the Kid.
Squash Vs. Sweet Potatoes
Sweet potatoes and squash are low fat and rich in nutrients Photo Credit Comstock Images/Comstock/Getty Images

Squash and sweet potatoes are convenient, colorful vegetables that make healthy additions to any dish. Although they may not be traditional staples, they are rich in history, nutrition and taste. Consider them as an option to add wholesome variety at meal time.


Sweet potatoes and squash originated in the Americas. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, sweet potatoes came from the warm climates of Central and South America where they were staples of Aztec and Incan diets. They were introduced to Europe by Christopher Columbus and to Asia by subsequent explorers.

Squash originated in North America where it was domesticated by Native Americans and also eaten by European settlers. The colonists gave squash its name, derived from a Native American word for "something eaten raw".


Squash comes in varieties that are specific to the season in which they are harvested. Yellow squash and zucchini are available in the warmer months when their skin is still tender, while butternut and acorn squash are produced in colder months. Summer squashes should be slightly tender and glossy, without blemishes. Winter squashes should be firm, heavy and have a tough rind.

Sweet potatoes are harvested in the fall. Fresh sweet potatoes are smooth, uniform and firm. Avoid any sweet potato with damage to the skin since the flesh is susceptible to contamination.

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Both squash and sweet potatoes are low in fat, cholesterol and sodium, making them excellent choices for a balanced diet. They are rich in micronutrients, especially vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium and manganese. Sweet potatoes are a good source of dietary fiber, and squash provides an additional boost with vitamin E and calcium. Neither vegetable has a negative impact on weight or health maintenance in its natural state.


Squash preparation depends on the variety. Summer squash is immature with edible skin, making it a candidate for most methods, including boiling, steaming, sauteing and baking. It can be sliced or divided as desired to fit the dish. Winter squash is usually baked and then cut open to extract the pulpy flesh from the rind.

Sweet potatoes are traditionally baked in their skin, although they can be peeled and cubed for casseroles or boiled and mashed like white potatoes. The naturally sweet flavor can be enhanced with brown sugar and cinnamon.

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