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How Long Do Fat-Soluble Vitamins Stay in the Body?

by
author image Carrie Cronkite
Carrie Cronkite started freelance writing in 2010. She has published work with various websites, specializing in health, wellness and nutrition. Cronkite has worked in various fields of nursing for over 13 years, including nephrology. Cronkite holds a Bachelor of Science in nursing from the University of Fort Kent in Maine.
How Long Do Fat-Soluble Vitamins Stay in the Body?
Young family drinking juice and eating vegetables in the kitchen Photo Credit View Stock/View Stock/Getty Images

Your body can store fat-soluble vitamins anywhere from a few days to six months. These vitamins are metabolized in fat cells, absorbed by your small intestine, then stored in your fat cells, with any excess in your liver. Your body pulls them from these reserves when it needs them. Because they are excreted slowly from your body, they can become toxic if you take too much. The fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E and K.

Recommended Daily Allowances

Fat-soluble vitamins are organic substances your body needs in small amounts for normal function, growth and maintenance of body tissue. Because your body can store them, you only need small amounts each day. You can get the needed fat-soluble vitamins from a well-balanced diet. Because taking supplements of fat-soluble vitamins can be toxic and cause health problems, sticking to the recommended daily allowances is wise.

Dietary Fats

You need some dietary fats to absorb fat-soluble vitamins. A very low-fat diet can lead to deficiencies of these vitamins. Choose sources of unsaturated fats, such as olive oil, flax oil, plant or seed sources. Eating a few raw nuts with each meal will ensure your body has the fats it needs to absorb fat-soluble vitamins. "Natural News" recommends macadamia, cashews, almonds, peanuts and pecans.

Physiology of Absorption

When fats enter your body, they are mixed with enzymes from the glands in your tongue called lingual lipases to begin the process of digestion. Once they are in your stomach, gastric enzymes are mixed in with the action of peristalsis; which are the wave-like movements in your stomach that send the mixture to your duodenum. Through processes called hydrolysis and micellization, fat-soluble vitamins are further broken down and absorbed into your small intestine.

Transportation and Deficiencies

According to Georgia Highlands College, 40 to 90 percent of fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed by the small intestines. Proteins called chylomicrones and lipoproteins carry fat-soluble vitamins into your bloodstream where they are used to keep your body functioning. The excess is stored in adipose tissue or fat cells and your liver. Certain diseases such as Crohn's disease, celiac disease and cystic fibrosis cause a malabsorption of these vitamins, resulting in deficiencies.

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