There are more than 300 types of honey, with each variety classed by the source of blossoms the bees use to collect pollen to make honey, reports the National Honey Board. Acacia honey comes from the black locust or false acacia tree and is usually labeled as American acacia or locust honey in the United States. Acacia is often light-colored or even clear, like liquid glass, with a mild taste containing hints of vanilla. Its delicate flavor allows it to pair well with cheese. Due to its high fructose content, acacia honey rarely crystallizes.
Honey, including acacia honey, contains compounds called flavonoids and phenolics that act as antioxidants. Antioxidants protect the cells from damage done by free radicals. According to the National Honey Board, darker honeys have higher levels of antioxidants. Acacia honey has around 46 milligrams per kilogram, versus buckwheat honey that contains about 796 milligrams per kilogram.
According to "Honey in Traditional and Modern Medicine," acacia honey has a low glycemic index ranking. Low GI foods may help regulate blood sugar. Acacia honey has been used in traditional Russian medicine to treat several ailments, including respiratory infections, insomnia, kidney disease and headaches, the book "The Honey Prescription" states.