Any time a certain food causes side effects after eating it, you need to discuss the symptoms with your doctor. It's possible that you may have an allergy or intolerance with bell peppers. It is possible to have a food allergy or food intolerance to any food. These two food-related conditions can cause stomach cramps, but they are the result of a different cause. If you develop stomach cramps after eating bell peppers as a single event, you may be developing common symptoms of food poisoning. Stop eating bell peppers and get receive a clinical diagnosis of the problem.
It's possible that you have a food allergy to bell peppers. A food allergy is an abnormal reaction of your immune system to the proteins found in bell peppers. For an unknown reason, your immune system overreacts when bell pepper proteins enter your body. This reaction causes chemicals to fight off the proteins and causes swelling and inflammation throughout your body. Common symptoms of a food allergy include nasal congestion, asthma, trouble breathing, digestive complications, cramping, skin rashes, hives and eczema.
If you're intolerant to bell peppers, your digestive system lacks an enzyme to break down the proteins in the pepper. Another cause of food intolerance is a sensitivity to a substance found in the pepper that causes a sensitivity in the body. Food intolerance is not the result of an immune system reaction but are the result of the digestive system not being able to break down the food. Intolerance symptoms primarily affect your gastrointestinal system, causing cramping, bloating, diarrhea, vomiting and nausea.
Stomach cramps are a common symptom of food poisoning. Abdominal cramping may be one of the first signs of food poisoning. Food poisoning symptoms slowly increase and cause moderate to severe stomach pain, cramping, nausea, vomiting, excessive diarrhea and a low-grade fever. Food poisoning occurs if the bell pepper has been contaminated with a bacteria, toxin or parasite. The most effective way to prevent food poisoning is to wash your hands while handling food, cook the bell pepper thoroughly and to eat it before it is overripe.
If you notice that other foods cause stomach cramping, you may have a more serious medical condition. Common conditions that cause cramping from eating certain foods include irritable bowel syndrome and Crohn's disease.