Gastritis is an inflammation in your stomach lining. The Helicobacter pylori bacteria is the most common cause of gastritis, which also can result from overuse of anti-inflammatory medications, excessive bile in your stomach or an autoimmune disorder. The most common symptoms of gastritis include heartburn, vomiting, loss of appetite and indigestion.
Foods that are high in fat increase inflammation in your stomach. You should avoid fried foods and processed foods made with saturated and trans fats, as well. Margarine, as well as most commercial baked goods, contain trans fats.
Fat is an important nutrient that still must be part of your diet when you have gastritis. However, you should choose healthy fats, which include monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats, found in olive oil, peanut butter, nuts and seeds. One type of polyunsaturated fat, omega-3 fatty acids, may be especially beneficial to your health. Fatty fish, such as salmon, is a rich source of this type of fat. Choose fatty fish and lean meat over fatty meats, which are high in saturated fat.
While fatty foods don’t cause gastritis, you may find some foods more tolerable than others. Use your own experience as a guide and avoid those fats that cause discomfort. According to Drugs.com, there is no one diet that works for everyone with digestive disorders. In addition to fatty foods, you might want to limit food and drinks that are highly acidic such as coffee, tomatoes, hot peppers, cocoa and chocolate. Citrus juices and alcohol also may lead to severe side effects. Spices, such as cloves, onions, cinnamon and garlic, also may irritate your damaged stomach lining.
Over-the-counter antacids can provide quick relief when you do indulge in your favorites. Taking an antacid before or after eating fried foods may help lessen the severity of symptoms. At the same time, if you are taking other medications to clear up the H. pylori bacteria and treat your gastritis, you should talk to your doctor before using antacids. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, antacids can block proper absorption of some medications, making them ineffective. Over-the-counter medications that can relieve symptoms caused by eating fatty foods include aluminum or magnesium hydroxide, sodium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate. Take antacids at least two hours after or one hour before taking your medication.