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# Athletes: How to Measure Rates of Cellular Respiration

by
Adrian Budhram is a graduate of McMaster University, where he earned a bachelor's degree in health sciences and is now pursuing an M.D. Budhram also served as a news reporter for the "McMaster Silhouette." He started writing professionally in 2011.
A woman is exercising outdoors. Photo Credit mtoome/iStock/Getty Images

Cellular respiration is a metabolic process that allows organisms to utilize energy stored in the chemical bonds of glucose, or sugar. This process involves the consumption of glucose and oxygen, as well as the production of carbon dioxide and water. As an athlete, when you exercise, your rate of cellular respiration increases in order to meet the increased energy demands of your muscles.

## Oxygen Consumption

Cellular respiration is usually an aerobic process, which means that oxygen is required to generate energy from biochemical bonds in glucose. Therefore, you can determine your rate of cellular respiration by measuring the rate at which you consume oxygen. The more oxygen you are consuming when you exercise, the higher your rate of cellular respiration.

## Measuring Oxygen Consumption

The most-commonly used field test to measure oxygen consumption is the 1.5-mile running test, according to Matt Brzycki from Princeton University. To complete the test, simply time yourself as you run 1.5 miles on a level indoor or outdoor track as fast as you can. Then refer to Table 1 in the Princeton Oxygen Consumption Chart, which will tell you what your predicted oxygen consumption is. Divide your weight in lbs. by 2.2 to determine your weight in kg. Multiply your value in Table 1 by your weight in kg to determine your oxygen-consumption rate in ml of oxygen per minute. Finally, divide this value by 1,000 to determine your oxygen consumption in liters per minute. This is your rate of oxygen consumption, and is a measure of your rate of cellular respiration.

## Carbon Dioxide Production

A less-common method of measuring your rate of cellular respiration is to measure your rate of carbon-dioxide production. When carbon dioxide is added to water, it is spontaneously converted to carbonic acid. The more acidic a solution is, the lower its pH. For this reason, you can measure your carbon-dioxide production after exercise by breathing into a solution, and then using a pH indicator to determine how acidic the solution is.

## Measuring Carbon Dioxide Production

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