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The Breakdown of Whey Protein Amino Acids

by
author image Joseph Eitel
Joseph Eitel has written for a variety of respected online publications since 2006 including the Developer Shed Network and Huddle.net. He has dedicated his life to researching and writing about diet, nutrition and exercise. Eitel's health blog, PromoteHealth.info, has become an authority in the healthy-living niche. He graduated with honors from Kellogg Community College in 2010 with an Associate of Applied Science.
The Breakdown of Whey Protein Amino Acids
Whey is separated from cheese during the manufacturing process. Photo Credit Miguel Villagran/Getty Images News/Getty Images

Whey contains all of the essential amino acids, or EAAs, your body needs but cannot produce itself. There are nine EAAs and each has its own function in the body. It's important to get enough EAAs each day, especially when trying to build and maintain lean muscle mass. According to the University of Illinois McKinley Health Center, whey protein is generally recognized as safe, but you should still consult your doctor before taking whey supplements.

Whey Protein

Derived from cow's milk, whey protein goes through several manufacturer processes before it hits store shelves as a powder, bar or pre-mixed drink. It preserves its amino acid profile during these processes. Amino acids are building blocks of protein, and there are over 20 dietary amino acids. Your kidneys, liver, pancreas and other organs produce most of these amino acids, but not EAAs. Whey features the highest biological value, or BV, of any protein, which means the EAAs are absorbed and used more efficiently by your body compared to other sources of protein.

BCAAs

A particularly important set of EAAs, as it pertains to bodybuilders and anyone looking to build and maintain muscle mass, is branched-chain amino acids, or BCAAs. According to the U.S. Dairy Council, whey protein offers the highest concentration of BCAAs of any dietary source of protein at about 26 g of BCAAs per 100 g of protein. The three BCAAs include leucine, isoleucine and valine. BCAAs are proven to directly impact muscle growth and maintenance of existing lean muscle tissue.

Profile

Whey protein concentrate, or WPC, containing about 80 percent whey protein by weight is a commonly available type of whey supplement. It contains the following essential amino acid profile measured in mg/g of protein: leucine, 105 mg; lysine, 93 mg; tyrosine, 32 mg; cysteine, 21 mg; isoleucine, 63 mg; valine, 58 mg; threonine, 69 mg, tryptophan, 18 mg; histidine, 17 mg. Over 60 percent of the total protein in whey comes from EAAs, according to the U.S. Dairy Council.

Benefits

The amino acids found in whey protein benefit the body in several ways. The high-concentration of leucine helps prevent breakdown of muscle tissue and promotes fat loss, according to McKinley Health Center. These amino acids also promote an increase in glutathione in the body, which is an antioxidant associated with boosting your immune system function.

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