Crohn's disease is a chronic digestive disorder that causes inflammation of the intestinal tract. Symptoms of Crohn's are stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, bloody or watery diarrhea, fever, anemia, fatigue and weight loss. Because Crohn's affects the digestive system, certain foods may trigger or worsen the symptoms of the disease. The Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America suggests following a low-fiber, low-residue diet that includes easily digestible foods that can ease the pain and discomfort of Crohn's disease.
Grains and Cereals
Grains provide your body with fiber, B vitamins, iron, magnesium and selenium. People suffering from Crohn's should eat refined grain products when experiencing a Crohn's flare. Choose easy-to-digest white rice, white pastas, refined white bread and hot and cold cereals that are made from refined rice, corn or wheat. Avoid brown rice, whole-grain and whole-wheat products and any bread and cereals that contain nuts or seeds.
Fruits and Vegetables
Fruits and veggies provide you with vitamins A, C, D and other important nutrients that are necessary for proper body function. When experiencing a Crohn's flare, soft, well-cooked or very ripe raw fruits are better tolerated by the digestive system. Ripe bananas, ripe melons, applesauce and other cooked fruits that have had the skins and seeds removed are good choices for Crohn's sufferers. Avoid most raw fruits and dried fruits. Canned and well-cooked, soft veggies without skins and seeds are easily digested and are ideal for Crohn's patients. Don't eat raw vegetables, cooked peas, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, onions and vegetable sauces during Crohn's flareups.
Meat, Fish and Poultry
Your body gets essential amino acids and protein from meat, fish and poultry. All meat, fish and poultry are good choices for those suffering from Crohn's disease. Select low-fat, lean cuts of meat, and make sure that the meat is tender and well-cooked to allow for easier digestion. Bake or roast lean cuts of beef, chicken, fish or pork so as to not use oils and fats in the cooking process. Avoid eating tough, fibrous meats, sausage, seasoned meat, fried meats, processed luncheon meats and smoked or highly seasoned meats.
Dairy products provide your body with calcium that is essential for healthy teeth and bones. Crohn's patients should limit milk products to 2 cups per day. Plain cheese, eggs, cottage cheese, milk, almond, soy and rice milk and lactose-free milk are easily digestible choices. Plain or fruit-free yogurt and ice cream can also be consumed to gain am extra boost of calcium. Avoid milk products that contain seeds, nuts or fruits.
- University of Maryland Medical Center: Crohn's Disease
- Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America: Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis Diet and Nutrition Q&A
- Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center Urology: Low Fiber and Residue Restricted Diet
- Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America: Diet, Nutrition, and Inflammatory Bowel Disease
- New York University Langone Medical Center: Low-Fiber/Low-Residue Diet