A food allergy occurs when the body's immune system mistakes an ingredient in food as harmful, which triggers antibodies in the immune system to attack the food. While the FDA's list of the most common ingredients that trigger food allergies does not include raspberries, some individuals may experience adverse reactions to raspberries and should be treated promptly.
People that suffer from a raspberry allergy are often allergic or sensitive to salicylates, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Salicylates are chemicals found naturally in all plants, which act as preservatives to protect the plant. Some people only have a slight sensitivity to this chemical and can handle foods like raspberries in very small doses. A heightened sensitivity in severe cases can lead to anaphylaxis, which is a life-threatening reaction which requires immediate medical attention.
Signs and Symptoms
Common allergic reactions to raspberries and other foods may include itchy, tingly mouth, swollen lips, watery eyes, runny nose and sneezing. It may cause swelling, itchiness or a rash on the skin. More severe symptoms may include vomiting, cramps or diarrhea. Anaphylaxis, a deadly reaction, might involve a swelling of the throat, wheezing, trouble breathing, lightheadedness, loss of consciousness, a severe drop in blood pressure and a rapid pulse.
According to MayoClinic.com, over-the-counter oral or topical antihistamines may help reduce the symptoms of minor allergic reactions. If someone exhibits signs of a severe reaction, call for emergency professional help immediately. A serious reaction may require an emergency injection of epinephrine and a trip to the emergency room.
If you have a raspberry allergy, you may experience similar allergic reactions to other foods that contain salicylates, such as apples, kiwi fruit, strawberries, soy sauce, pine nuts, almonds and some herbs and spices.
Consider visiting an allergist or immunologist to receive proper testing and diagnosis of your food allergy.