No other weight class in wrestling requires a specialized technique more than the heavyweight class. Competitors who qualify as heavyweights weigh between 220 and 285 pounds and that prevents many from completing moves that lighter wrestlers can do. There are no rules limiting what moves heavyweights can try, but to be successful, heavyweights must study which moves work with their particular body weight and strength.
Bodylock With Outside Step
Bodylocks are popular with heavyweight wrestlers because the move can be done completely from the standing position, and that is where a heavyweight has the most power. From a neutral position tie-up, drop your arms and bear-hug your opponent above the hips, making sure to trap one of his arms in the hug, according to themat.com. Step to the side you have the arm trapped on to disturb your opponent's balance, then begin to fall backward while twisting your hips to the side of the trapped arm. As you fall backwards, you will need to flip your back leg over to get your hips facing down toward the mat. When you have completed that motion, your opponent should be on his back.
Gary Johnston of "Fight Times" says that the headlock hip-toss is a crucial move for heavyweights. Since most heavyweight matches feature a large amount of standing tie-ups, it is easy to find opportunities to use the move. Use one hand to grab the back of your opponent's neck; the other hand goes on his upper arm on the opposite side. Then rotate your hips into your opponent's stomach, leading with the hip that corresponds with the hand you have on the back of the neck. Your arms will come close together after the explosive hip turn and you will be able to pull your opponent over your hip and slam him down on his back as you tighten a headlock.
The stand-up is generally the first bottom-position move wrestlers learn, due to its simplicity and effectiveness. Heavyweights especially use the move because it doesn't require lowering the hips or twisting, which are difficult motions for heavyweights to make in a quick manner. From the referee's position, you should violently clear your arm away from your opponent's hand on your elbow and lift the opposite leg to make it a 90-degree angle. You will have one knee down and one foot planted. Simply explode the other leg up to get both feet standing, and cut your opponent's grip to escape and earn a point.
Tight-Waist Arm Chop
Heavyweights have a hard time getting back up once they have been flattened. The best move to flatten your opponent onto his stomach is the tight-waist arm chop from the referee's position. When the whistle blows, smash your opponent's elbow with the hand that is there in the starting position and simultaneously shove him forward with your arm that is wrapped around his waist, according to a YouTube video featuring coach Matthew Moyles. Hold on tight with the arm around your opponent's waist, and make sure to chop the elbow hard enough to make him lose his balance.
- National Federation of State High School Associations: Weight Classes Changed in High School Wrestling
- TheMat.com: Bodylock With an Outside Step
- Fight Times: High School Wrestling Moves: Positioning
- YouTube: How to Do Professional Wrestling Moves and Stances: Tight Waist Arm Chop Youth Wrestling Move