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Hamstring Plyometric Exercises

by
author image Aubrey Bailey
Aubrey Bailey has been writing health-related articles since 2009. Her articles have appeared in ADVANCE for Physical Therapy & Rehab Medicine. She holds a Bachelor of Science in physical therapy and Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University at Buffalo, as well as a post-professional Doctor of Physical Therapy from Utica College. Dr. Bailey is also a certified hand therapist.
Hamstring Plyometric Exercises
Hamstring Plyometric Exercises Photo Credit UberImages/iStock/GettyImages
Plyometric exercises improve your jumping.
Plyometric exercises improve your jumping. Photo Credit oatawa/iStock/GettyImages

If you're looking to improve your speed, power or jumping abilities, hamstring plyometrics are for you. Plyometric exercises are explosive movements that help train muscles to contract strongly and quickly.

Read more: What Does Plyometric Exercise Mean?

Practice standing lunges to master technique before you do jumping lunges.
Practice standing lunges to master technique before you do jumping lunges. Photo Credit Ozimician/iStock/GettyImages

Jumping Lunges

Lunges strengthen the hamstring muscles, both at your hips and your knees.

To do the exercise: Stand with your feet staggered, approximately three feet apart. Keeping your body upright, bend both knees and lower straight down toward the floor. Stop before your thighs are parallel to the ground. Do not allow your front knee to bend in front of your toes.

From this starting position, press down through the balls of your feet and jump straight up. While your legs are in the air, switch leg positions so you land with the opposite leg in front. Repeat 10 to 20 times. Progress this exercise by jumping as soon as your feet touch the ground between repetitions.

Practice jumping onto a short box until you master this technique.
Practice jumping onto a short box until you master this technique. Photo Credit jacoblund/iStock/GettyImages

Box Jumps

Box jumps provide a variety of plyometric exercises for your hamstrings. Practice your jumps on a short box -- 4 to 6 inches -- until you master the correct technique. Work up to a box height of 18 to 24 inches.

To do the exercise: Stand approximately 6 inches from a box. With your feet shoulder-width apart, lower into a quarter-squat position -- thighs halfway between straight up and parallel to the ground. Push your butt backward as if you are going to sit in a chair. Look straight ahead and reach back with both arms.

Quickly squeeze your buttocks and thigh muscles and jump up onto the box. Land on top in the quarter-squat position that you started in. Jump far enough forward so both feet land completely on the box. Step down from the box and repeat 10 times.

Vary this exercise by jumping sideways onto a box -- both to the left and to the right. Progress this exercise by jumping up onto the box with one leg at a time.

Hurdle jumps are a type of plyometric exercise used by athletes.
Hurdle jumps are a type of plyometric exercise used by athletes.

Hurdles

Hurdles are similar to box jumps, however you're clearing the obstacle rather than landing on it. To target the hamstrings muscles, both knees will be bent as you jump over the hurdles. Start with short hurdles -- 4 to 6 inches -- and work up to taller obstacles.

To do the exercise: Set up your obstacles approximately 3 feet apart. Stand approximately 6 inches in front of the first hurdle. Jump up and over the hurdle, drawing both knees in toward your chest. Land on the balls of your feet. Make this exercise harder by jumping over multiple hurdles in a row, without resting.

Butt kicks can be done intermittently while you are out jogging.
Butt kicks can be done intermittently while you are out jogging. Photo Credit AntonioGuillem/iStock/GettyImages

Butt Kicks

Butt kicks are sometimes performed as part of a dynamic warm-up for other activities, however they are also a plyometric exercise for the hamstrings. This exercise can be done standing in one place or while running.

To do the exercise: Start with your legs shoulder-width apart. Bend your right knee and quickly bring your right heel up to your right buttock. As your leg straightens back out, bend your left knee, bringing that heel quickly toward your left buttock. Alternate sides, increasing your speed as you get stronger. Keep your body upright throughout the movement. Progress this exercise by performing butt kicks while you are running.

Read more: Butt Kicker Exercises

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