Runners who are overweight or large-framed, or otherwise have “flat” feet, tend to overpronate. This is the tendency for the ankle to roll too far during the breakover of a stride. This running gait fault can lead to severe stress and damage to the connective tissue of the lower legs and knees. Running shoe manufacturers have developed motion-control shoes to overcome this tendency to overpronate in overweight and heavyweight runners.
Kihachiro Onitsuka began sewing basketball shoes in his living room in Kobe, Japan, in 1947, following the end of World War II.The company was renamed Asics when it broke into the U.S. market in 1977. Asics began creating new athletic shoe technology in 1990 at the company’s Research Institute of Sports Science in Kobe. The interaction between scientists, coaches and runners led Asics to develop spectacular running shoes, such as the now legendary Asics Gel Foundation 8 and the Gel Evolution 3.
Located in Beaverton, Oregon, Nike is the world’s leading athletic shoe manufacturer. The brand gained fame for producing basketball shoes like the Air Jordan, although Nike began by producing running shoes. This is still a vital part of the Nike culture.
For the runner prone to overpronating, Nike makes motion control shoes like other manufacturers. The most popular of these are the Nike Air Cesiums. Unlike many motion control shoes that are somewhat heavy to provide support to the foot, the Air Cesium gives adequate motion control to prevent injury while still being ultralight. Other Nike shoes suitable for the prevention of overpronating include the Zoom Nucleus MC+, available in both men’s and women’s models.
Saucony manufactures running sports equipment and shoes and nothing else. This makes things easier for the novice runner. Choose a pair of Saucony shoes, and you can be assured that you are choosing running shoes rather than a pair of street shoes.
Like other running shoe companies, Saucony offers motion control shoes suitable to prevent overpronating. The Saucony motion control shoes use proprietary Grid technology. These include models like the Grid Hammer and the Grid Stabil.
New Balance produces running shoes as well. Unlike the somewhat high-dollar Saucony though, New Balance shoes begin at a more affordable level. This makes them ideal for new runners who refuse to spend more than $100 for shoes they may not feel they need. New Balance’s motion-control models include the MR 1011 and the WR 1011 for men and women, respectively, as well as the 992 and MR 1123 models.
- "The Runner's Handbook: The Bestselling Classic Fitness Guide for Beginning and Intermediate Runners," 2d ed.; Bob Glover, et al.; 1996
- "The Non-Runner's Marathon Trainer"; David Whitsett; 1998