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Safe Medications for the First Trimester of Pregnancy

by
author image Laura Candelaria
Laura Candelaria is a family nurse practitioner and assistant professor of nursing and nutritional science. Her experience includes neonatal and pediatric intensive-care, women's oncology, gynecology, obstetrics, lactation, nutrition and infertility. She has been published in "Nursing Spectrum," "Newsday" and on various websites.
Safe Medications for the First Trimester of Pregnancy
Safe Medications for the First Trimester of Pregnancy Photo Credit Creatas Images/Creatas/Getty Images

The first trimester of your pregnancy is a period of rapid development for your baby. You should be extremely cautious taking any type of medication, unless you know it is considered safe. Most women try to use non-pharmacological methods before using medication. However, sometimes medications are necessary. The following medications are considered safe in the first trimester, however you should still consult your obstetrician prior to taking any medications.

Constipation and Nausea

Constipation and nausea are common complaints in the first trimester. Increasing fluid intake as well as fruits and vegetables may alleviate constipation. Metamucil and Colace, which are both available over the counter, are considered a safe option for constipation. Nausea may be treated with ginger or peppermint herbal teas. Avoiding spicy foods and eating smaller meals more frequently may help with nausea. If nausea and vomiting become severe, your doctor may be able to prescribe an anti-emetic medication for you.

Cold and Flu

Treating a cold or flu while pregnant may be difficult. You may want to try saline nasal spray and throat lozenges before moving on to medication. Most decongestants are not considered safe in the first trimester and should be avoided. You can use Tylenol (acetaminophen) if necessary for pain or discomfort. For cough, Dextromethorphan (Robitussin DM) is safe to use.

Heartburn and Hemorrhoids

Heartburn and hemorrhoids are common complaints during pregnancy. You can use Tums (calcium carbonate) for heartburn. For hemorrhoids Tucks, Preparation H or Anusol are safe to use. In the event that heartburn becomes severe, it may cause erosion of the lining of your esophagus. You should consult with your physician if Tums does not alleviate your heartburn. Your doctor may recommend Zantac or Tagamet, which may be considered safe to use under supervision.

Antibiotics

Sometimes antibiotics are necessary while pregnant for a bacterial infection. Some antibiotics that are considered safe are Azithromycin, Penicillin, Clindamycin, Erythromycin, Keflex and Ceclor. Do not take antibiotics unless they are prescribed by your physician and always be sure to check with your obstetrician prior to your first dose.

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