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Surrogate Mother Pros & Cons

by
author image Nicole Campbell
Nicole Campbell has been writing professionally since 2005. With an extensive medical background, a nursing degree and interest in medical- and health-related writing as well as experience with various lifestyle topics, she prides herself on her conversational, active voice and ability to relate to the average reader.
Surrogate Mother Pros & Cons
A pregnant woman standing in her kitchen while looking at paperwork. Photo Credit LWA/Dann Tardif/Blend Images/Getty Images

Having the ability and willingness to provide an infertile couple with a child is essential to successful surrogacy. Surrogate mothers play an invaluable role in growing families all across the world. Those who are considering using or serving as a surrogate mother should carefully weigh the pros and cons of the situation before making a decision to have a baby this way.

Uncomfortable Medical Tests

Potential surrogate mothers are required to go through a series of medical tests and procedures to ensure that their bodies are fit to carry and give birth to a healthy child. The specific medical procedures used will vary from case to case, but will help confirm that the surrogate's reproductive system is in good functioning condition. It's important to keep in mind that many couples decide to use a surrogate mother because they have experienced the disappointment of losing a baby, or the frustration of not being able to conceive in the first place. Agencies that connect potential surrogates with couples who want to have children have a responsibility to both parties to ensure that the pregnant mother is healthy for the sake of all involved.

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Financial Obligations

Not only are the medical costs for the surrogate mother the financial responsibility of the hopeful couple, but there are other financial obligations as well. The cost of using a surrogate mother can range anywhere from $30,000 to $50,000 just to hire the surrogate. Many surrogates and couples also enter into contracts that stipulate the couple will pay a portion of the surrogate mother's living expenses or provide her with a stipend as well.

Ethical Considerations

Both the couple and the surrogate must come to terms with the ethical considerations involved with surrogacy. Many people regard surrogacy as “baby-selling” due to the large sums of money exchanged for the service. While there is no law prohibiting the use of surrogate mothers as a way to have a child, it is up to all parties involved to carefully evaluate the situation and decide whether or not it is the best route for them to take.

Relinquishment of the Child

No matter how professionally a surrogate mother views her arrangement with the couple for whom she is carrying a child, emotional attachments to the child are always a risk. A surrogate must be emotionally prepared to deal with these feelings while honoring her contract. If you have any reservations about your ability to relinquish a child you have carried for another couple, surrogacy is not for you.

Risks for Both Parties

There are risks involved for both parties in a surrogacy contract. The surrogate mother runs the risk of experiencing complications related to pregnancy that may have a negative effect on her health. The expectant couple runs the risk of disappointment if the pregnancy fails or if the child is born with a defect. Just like any pregnancy, there is no guarantee of a happy, healthy outcome.

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