Fat veins are enlarged blood vessels, also called varicose veins. Fat veins are most commonly located on the legs and thigh, but they can appear anywhere, leaving ugly, purple bulging veins. Fat veins develop when the valves in your blood vessels become damaged or diseased. Fat veins are common in women who have given birth. Other risk factors include family history, weight pain, prolonged standing and a sedentary life style. The Mayo Clinic says varicose veins most often occur in women between the ages of 30 and 70. According to The Center For Advanced Vein Care, 25 million people in the United States suffer from fat veins. By elevating and massaging your legs and considering surgery for your fat veins, you can reduce and even get rid of your ugly veins.
Elevate your legs. When you are sitting or laying down, elevate your legs about 6 to 12 inches above your heart level. This allows your heart to pump faster and will increase the circulation in your legs and in your fat veins. Increasing your circulation will help reduce the size and color of your fat veins. Sit on a recliner or on the couch with several pillows underneath your feet. Also, avoid crossing your legs. This decreases the circulation in your legs and makes your fat veins worse.
Avoid standing for long periods of time. Standing for hours at a time increases the pressure on your fat veins, causing them to swell and making them worse. Try to sit for short periods of time if you have to be on your feet for several hours. However, if you cannot sit, rock onto the tips of your toes and stay there for several seconds. Do this exercise several times to increase blood flow into your fat veins.
Wear compression hoes. Compression stockings are strong support hoes that compress your fat veins. Dr. Sanjoy Kundo of the Vein Institute of Toronto recommends compression hoes to get rid of your fat veins. Dr. Kundo says the hoes will relieve pressure on your fat veins and improve circulation. You can buy support hoes at most drug stores.
Give yourself a massage. Rub your legs with lotion that contains St. John's wort oil. St. John's wort will help to improve your circulation by helping force the blood out of your fat veins and back into your heat, which will reduce the size of your fat veins. Massage the oil into the places around your fat veins, and rub with intense pressure in a circular motion for about 20 minutes per day.
Try surgical stripping. Surgical stripping has been recommended by doctors as the most efficient way to get rid of fat veins for the last 30 years. During surgical stripping, the doctor makes several small cuts from your groin to just below your knee. The doctor then ties off your fat vein and removes it all together. However, you have to be put under general anaesthetic, and the recovery time is four to six weeks. Canadian Living says surgical stripping has a 75 percent success rate.
Undergo sclerotherapy. In sclerotherapy, a doctor injects a solution of sodium chloride directly into the spider vein. The sodium chloride irritates the lining of your fat vein and cases it to swell up and stick together. After a few weeks, your fat vein turns into scar tissue and then fades from the surface of the skin. Sclerotherapy should only be performed on patients who do not have a problem with the main valve in their leg; otherwise, there is a strong chance your fat vein will reappear.