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6 Skin Care Ingredients to Avoid!

By JESS BARRON

Do you know ingredients are in your skin-care products?

If you assume that any moisturizer, cleanser, shampoo or makeup product you buy at the drugstore or supermarket is safe to use, you’re assuming too much.  

According to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), it’s the “responsibility of the manufacturer” to test the safety of its products. Additionally, cosmetic products and their ingredients don’t need to be approved before they hit the market.

What's in your lotion?

To help people find out more about the ingredients in their skin-care products, the Environmental Working Group (EWG) created the Skin Deep database. This database contains more than 60,000 products and ranks them on their hazard level based on the ingredients and how much scientists know about them.

While the European Union has banned more than 1,000 ingredients from use in skin care and cosmetics products, the FDA has only banned 11 ingredients.

And since your skin is your body’s largest organ, it’s important to know what it’s absorbing and allowing into your body. On its Myths on Cosmetics safety page, the EWG reports that “biomonitoring studies have found that cosmetics ingredients — such as phthalate plasticizers, paraben preservatives, the pesticide triclosan, synthetic musks and sunscreen ingredients — are common pollutants in the bodies of men, women and children.”

And if you think products labeled “hypoallergenic” or “natural,” are better than other products, think again: There are currently “no federal standards or definitions” for either label.

It’s essential that we make the effort to protect ourselves, and this is why I looked up all my products in the EWG’s database. I was surprised at some of the products from major companies that get dangerous rankings.

Sunscreen

When choosing products, here are six ingredients to avoid:

1. Oxybenzone
Look for It in: Sunscreens, moisturizers, lip gloss.
Why Avoid It: It’s a potential hormone disruptor.
Here is a list of safer sunscreens WITHOUT oxybenzone.

2. Phthalates
Look for It in: Soaps, shampoos, hair sprays, nail polish (avoid polish containing dibutyl phthalate), products containing “fragrance.”
Why Avoid It: According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), “Some types of phthalates have affected the reproductive system of laboratory animals.” CDC researchers found measurable levels of many phthalate metabolites in the urine of the general U.S. population. 

The EWG writes, “A growing number of studies indicate that this chemical family damages the male reproductive system.” EWG advises that pregnant women should avoid nail polish containing dibutyl phthalate , and that everyone should avoid products with "fragrance" indicating a chemical mixture that may contain phthalates.

3. Petroleum distillates
Look for It in:
Mascaras. Here are some mascaras containing petroleum distillates.
Why Avoid It:
According to the EWG, these petroleum-extracted ingredients may cause contact dermatitis and are often contaminated with cancer-causing impurities. They are produced in oil refineries at the same time as automobile fuel, heating oil and chemical feedstocks.

4. Formaldehyde
Look for It in:
 Nail polish, eyelash adhesive, hair dyes and keratin hair straightening formulas.
Why Avoid It: In 2004, formaldehyde was declared to be a carcinogen to humans by the International Agency on Research on Cancer (IARC). According to EWG, formaldehyde (also an asthmagen, neurotoxicant and developmental toxicant) was once mixed into many personal care products as antiseptic. This use has declined, but some hair straighteners (and keratin treatments) are based on formaldehyde's hair-stiffening action and release substantial amounts of the chemical.

5. Toluene
Look for It in: 
Nail polish.
Why Avoid It:  Toluene is used to help nail polish glide on more smoothly, but according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), “Chronic inhalation exposure of humans to toluene causes irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes, sore throat, dizziness, and headache.  Human studies have reported developmental effects, such as CNS dysfunction, attention deficits, and minor craniofacial and limb anomalies, in the children of pregnant women exposed to high levels of toluene or mixed solvents by inhalation.”

6. “Fragrance”
Look for It in:
All products
Why Avoid It:  According to The Breast Cancer Fund, synthetic fragrances used in cosmetics can have as many as 100 ingredients --including hormone-disrupting phthalatessynthetic musks, and ethylene oxide. ”Fragrance” is usually a chemical cocktail, often containing individual chemicals associated with allergic reactions and hormone disruption. Some fragrance chemicals have not been assessed for safety. Until all fragrance ingredients are disclosed on the label, consumers cannot know what is in a particular fragrance.

If you own cosmetics or products that contain these ingredients, what should you do with them?

The EWG recommends against dumping personal care products down the drain because contamination of ground and surface water (including water that we drink) from these chemicals is a growing environmental problem.

What are some products that are OK to use?

kelly_teegarden

Kelly Teegarden is a cancer survivor who created an entirely organic skincare line that is formulated with no known cancer-causing ingredients and is scientifically proven to have no endocrine disruptors. I’ve tried the facial wash, the eye cream, the serum and the moisturizer, and all feel great and work well. They also get good ratings in the EWG Skin Deep database.

skincare2

Other LIVESTRONG.COM recommendations: Smashbox Photo Finish Hydrating Foundation Primer (EWG rating), Purlisse lip comfort daily lip nourisher (EWG rating) and Burt’s Bees lip shimmer, which gets an excellent ranking in the EWG database.

–Jess

Readers - Are you concerned about the ingredients in your skin care and makeup products? Have you looked them up (or will you look them up in the EWG Skin Deep database?  Are you using some products that receive good ratings or contain safe ingredients? Were you aware of these six skin care ingredients to avoid? Leave a comment below and let us know.

Jess Barron is Editor-in-Chief of LIVESTRONG.COM. Read some of her other health and fitness articles here. A longtime foodie and fan of farmers’ markets, Jess particularly loves heirloom tomatoes, fresh figs with burrata cheese, and anything with pumpkin or peanut butter in it! In the summer of 2012 Jess lost 20 pounds in a test group for a new fitness program. Some of her favorite workout routines include walking, running, yoga, P90X, INSANITY, and mixed martial arts. She has appeared on MSNBC's "The Most," ABC News Now, and XM satellite radio and her writing has appeared on Wired.com and Yahoo!

Follow Jess on Twitter @jessdandy and follow her on Google+ and Pinterest.

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