Hi, it's Madison Chase, your trainer to the stars, and the star in you helping you be your absolute positively very best, your very best by changing your heart and watching a healthier body follow. So the question today is how to do non-running cardio exercises and this is absolutely one of my favorite things because I totally believe in protecting your joints for the long haul so that you are able to work out when you are 70. So my favorite thing to do, non-cardio, non-running cardio basic jumping jacks. So we're going to do, I like to call these toe jacks so all you are doing is keeping your weight on your toes and making sure that you are on a surface that actually protects your joints. So that's a regular basic jumping jack. The next one I like to call it is a down jack. So the emphasis is going to be in my heels, almost doing like a touchdown or sumo squat and then coming up on my toes. So heel, toe, heel, toe, heel, toe, that's a jumping jack, toe jack and down jack. Mountain climbers, so we're going to go regular mountain climbers, same knee to same collarbone, same knee to the outside of that elbow, opposite knee, opposite elbow. Those are your mountain climbers. So we have jumping jacks, mountain climbers and time yourself for those two exercises, try to do a minute, then try to increase to 90 seconds and then try to do two minutes and just start increasing your time to really get that heart rate up and definitely I want you to protect those joints in non-running cardio ideas. You could do swimming. You could do biking, indoor, outdoors and if you are outdoors make sure that you are wearing protective gear and last but not least, walking holding some dumbbells or some hand weights in your hand so you are really working your upper body and your lower body at the same time and if you are doing heels while you are walking you are really increasing your heart rate. And these are basic non-running cardio ideas. I'm Madison Chase, your trainer to the stars and the star in you.