The website, Healthy Women states that heavy menstrual bleeding (also called menorrhagia) is defined as soaking a pad and/or tampon every hour during each menstrual cycle. According to Dr. Marina Johnson, endocrinologist, a normal menstrual period lasts 2 to 7 days within a cycle that ranges from 21 to 35 days. When bleeding occurs between periods, or is longer or heavier than usual, this is called abnormal or irregular bleeding. There are various causes of irregular bleeding, but the most common is a hormone imbalance, either too much or too little of certain hormones. Vitamin K, iron, vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B and vitamin D can help alleviate heavy menstrual bleeding.
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According to the website, Alternative Doctor, vitamin K is best known for its role in helping blood clot properly and in preventing excessive bleeding. Vitamin K can also be used to stop heavy menstrual bleeding. Organic Facts states that vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that can be found in the intestine. The recommended daily dose of vitamin K is 65 mcg.
According to the National Anemia Action Council, heavy menstrual bleeding is a common cause of iron deficiency anemia that affects millions of women every month. The University of Maryland states that there are two forms of supplemental iron: ferrous and ferric. Ferrous iron is better absorbed and is the preferred form of iron tablets. Ferrous iron is available in three forms: ferrous fumarate, ferrous sulfate, and ferrous gluconate. The recommended daily dose of elemental iron is 60 to 200 mg.
Vitamin C can help ease heavy menstrual bleeding in some women. The website, Mother Nature states that excessive menstrual bleeding may be caused by fragile blood vessels. Vitamin C can strengthen those fragile blood vessels and make them less susceptible to damage. The recommended daily dose of vitamin C is 200 mg.
Dr. Marilyn Glenville states that vitamin A is an antioxidant that can help protect cells against damage. Dr. Glenville states that vitamin A is needed to help red blood cell successfully replicate. A deficiency in vitamin A can cause heavy periods in some women. The recommended daily dose of vitamin A is 1 mg.
According to Dr. Marilyn Glenville, vitamin B is beneficial for alleviating heavy periods. Vitamin B is used by the liver to convert excess estrogen into weaker and less dangerous forms. Dr. Glenville states that vitamin B6 is necessary for the production of prostaglandins, which reduces abnormal blood clotting. The recommended daily dose of vitamin B6 is 100 mg.
According to Quips and Tips for Couples Coping with Infertility, vitamin D alleviates heavy menstrual bleeding by balancing hormones. Vitamin D is also vital in breast, colon, ovarian and prostate cancer prevention. The best way to get an adequate amount of vitamin D is to spend at least 10 minutes in the sun about 2 to 3 times a week.