Clomid is a prescription medication containing clomiphene citrate. It is an oral tablet indicated for treatment of female infertility due to ovulatory failure. According to the "2010 Lippincott's Nursing Drug Guide," Clomid is often given in a daily 50mg dose for five days. If pregnancy does not occur, a 100mg dose for five days may be given. Additional trials may be ordered at the same dosages as the second; additional trials beyond the sixth are not usually attempted. Like all medications, Clomid has the potential for side effects.
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Clomid may cause one or both ovaries to become enlarged. This may happen during or shortly after a five-day trial. This enlargement may be noticed on examination or the woman may notice that her abdomen feels bloated and swollen. The pelvic area may be uncomfortable or mildly painful. Most cases of ovarian enlargement resolve over time, but the potential for serious circulatory, respiratory and kidney complications exists. Abdominal distention that is not due to an enlarged ovary may also be noticed during the use of Clomid.
Another common side effect of Clomid is vasomotor flushing, known as hot flashes. In this phenomenon, the woman suddenly feels hot and her skin may appear red. Sweating may occur during these episodes.
Some women complain of breast tenderness while taking Clomid. It is usually mild, not requiring treatment.
Women taking this medication may experience intermittent or frequent nausea. Vomiting is also possible.
Drugs.com explains that vision problems may occur while taking this drug. Women have complained of floaters, spots, flashes of light, blurry vision and double vision. A dark area may appear in the field of vision or the eyes may be overly sensitive to light. These issues may continue for up to a month after the last dose of Clomid. Driving should be avoided if visual side effects occur.
Women taking clomiphene are at increased odds of having more than one fertilized egg. This can lead to a pregnancy involving twins, triplets or a higher number of fetuses in the womb. A pregnancy and delivery involving multiple fetuses carries a higher risk of complications than a pregnancy involving one fetus.